gill

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English[edit]

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Wikipedia Wikipedia

An Alpine newt larva showing the gills, which flare just behind the head.
Mushroom gills.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English gile (gill), from Old Norse giolnar (lips)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gill (plural gills)

  1. (animal anatomy) A breathing organ of fish and other aquatic animals.
    • Ray
      Fishes perform respiration under water by the gills.
  2. (of a fish) A gill slit or gill cover.
    Gill nets are designed to catch a fish by the gills.
  3. (mycology) One of the radial folds on the underside of the cap of a mushroom, on the surface of which the spore-producing organs are borne.
  4. (animal anatomy) The fleshy flap that hangs below the beak of a fowl; a wattle.
  5. (figuratively) The flesh under or about the chin; a wattle.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jonathan Swift to this entry?)
  6. (spinning) One of the combs of closely ranged steel pins which divide the ribbons of flax fiber or wool into fewer parallel filaments.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

From Old French gille (a wine measure), from Medieval Latin gillo (earthenware jar)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gill (plural gills)

  1. A drink measure for spirits and wine. Size varies regionally but it is about one quarter of a pint.
  2. (archaic, UK) A measuring jug holding a quarter or half a pint.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English gille, from Old Norse gil

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gill (plural gills)

  1. (UK) rivulet
  2. (UK) ravine

Etymology 4[edit]

Etymology uncertain.

Noun[edit]

gill (plural gills)

  1. A two-wheeled frame for transporting timber.

Etymology 5[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • gill

Noun[edit]

gill (plural gills)

  1. (Scotland) A leech.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jamieson to this entry?)

Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

gill m

  1. genitive singular of geall

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gill ghill ngill
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Noun[edit]

gill m

  1. genitive singular of geall
  2. plural form of geall