hof

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See also: hóf, höf, and Hof

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A loan from German Hof (building, farm, estate; enclosure, courtyard, court).

Noun[edit]

hof (plural hofs)

  1. Enclosure, court, dwelling, building, house.
    • 1993 May, William, Trevor, Jake's Castle, in Harper's Magazine:
      Ulrike lived in a farm hof, and all around me were the dark blank fields punctuated by a few disparate lights.
    • 2009, Chloe Aridjis, Book of Clouds (New York: Black Cat, 1st edition):
      Like many old houses, this one had a front section, where I lived, and at the back an interior courtyard, the Hof, enclosed on all three sides by more apartments.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hóf, reinforced in modern (post-1990, chiefly neopagan) use by Icelandic hof (shrine, temple).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof (plural hofs)

  1. (Neopaganism): Template, sanctuary, hall.
    • 1996 for each ten churches burned to ashes, one heathen hof is avenged Varg Vikernes, cited after Gardell, Gods of the Blood, 2003, p. 307.
    • 2005 Asatruarfelagid lacks a central religious temple, or hof in Icelandic. Constructing a hof has been high on the members' wish list for many years Michael Strmiska, Modern Paganism In World Cultures: Comparative Perspectives, p. 170.
    • 2006 A Hof dedicated to the worship of the Aesir and the Vanir idhavellihof.org


Etymology 3[edit]

From Korean 호프 (hopeu), in turn from German Hofbräuhaus, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *hufą (farm, building). In English, the spelling has been re-aligned with the Korean term's etymon, Hof(bräuhaus).

Noun[edit]

hof (plural hofs)

  1. A Korean-style bar or pub.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch hof, from Old Dutch hof, from Proto-Germanic *hufą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof n (plural hoven, diminutive hofje n)

  1. (royal) court
  2. court of law; short form of gerechtshof
  3. court, yard

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof m (plural hoven, diminutive hofje n)

  1. garden (in Flanders)

Derived terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hof, from Proto-Germanic *hufą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof n (genitive singular hofs, nominative plural hof)

  1. temple

Declension[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch hof, from Proto-Germanic *hufą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof n, m

  1. court, enclosed space
  2. garden
  3. farmstead
  4. castle (court of the nobility)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hufą, from Proto-Indo-European *kewp-, a suffixed form of *kew- (bend, cove, hollow). Cognate with Old Saxon hof, Dutch hof, Old High German hof (German Hof), Old Norse hof (Swedish hov).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof n

  1. house, dwelling, hovel
  2. court, hall, sanctuary

See also[edit]

Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hōfaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kōpos. Cognate with Old Saxon hof (Dutch hoef), Old High German huof (German Huf), Old Norse hófr (Danish hov, Icelandic hófur, Swedish hov), Russian копыто (kopyto) and Sanskrit शप्ह (śapha).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hōf m

  1. a hoof
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hufą (hill, house, temple), from Proto-Indo-European *kewp- (to bend, arch, vault). Cognate with Old English hof, Old Frisian hof, Old Saxon hof, Old Dutch hof, Old High German hof.

Noun[edit]

hof n (genitive hofs, plural hof)

  1. sanctuary, temple

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Faroese: hov n
  • Norwegian: hoff n
  • Icelandic: hof n
  • Swedish: hov n (Old Swedish hof n)

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hufą, from Proto-Indo-European *kewp-, a suffixed form of *kew- (bend, cove, hollow). Cognate with Old English hof, Dutch hof, Old High German hof (German Hof), Old Norse hof (Swedish hov).

Noun[edit]

hof n

  1. dwelling, hovel, house
  2. court, hall

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hōfaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kōpos. Cognate with Old English hof (Dutch hoef), Old High German huof (German Huf), Old Norse hófr (Danish hov, Icelandic hófur, Swedish hof), Russian копыто (kopyto) and Sanskrit शप्ह (śapha).

Noun[edit]

hōf m

  1. a hoof

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof n

  1. royal court; Obsolete spelling of hov.
  2. hoof; Obsolete spelling of hov.

Declension[edit]