melken

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch, from Proto-Germanic *melkaną, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂melǵ-. Compare German melken, English milk, Danish malke, Norwegian mjølke.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

melken (past singular molk, past participle gemolken)

  1. To milk.

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German melchan, from Proto-Germanic *melkaną, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂melǵ-. The consonantism -lk- is regular High German. The difference between melken and Milch is due to the fact that the latter used to have a short vowel after -l- (Old High German miluh). Compare Dutch melken, English milk, Danish malke, Norwegian mjølke.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɛlkən/, [ˈmɛlkən], [ˈmɛlkŋ̩]

Verb[edit]

melken (third-person singular present melkt or milkt, past tense melkte or molk, past participle gemolken or gemelkt, past subjunctive melkte or mölke, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to milk (a cow)
  2. (transitive, figuratively) to drain; to draw from (someone or something), especially without consent; to milk (someone) for money, information, etc.

Usage notes[edit]

The verb has full sets of both strong and weak forms, either being accepted standard. The past participle gemolken is considerably more common than gemelkt. Otherwise there is possibly a tendency to prefer the strong forms in the northern half, the weak forms in the southern half of the language area.

Conjugation[edit]

Strong
Weak

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

melken m, f

  1. definite masculine singular of melk