orthogonal

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French orthogonal, from Medieval Latin orthogonalis, from Latin orthogonius (right-angled).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɔːˈθɒɡənəl/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

orthogonal (not comparable)

  1. (geometry) Of two objects, at right angles; perpendicular to each other.
    A chord and the radius that bisects it are orthogonal.
  2. (mathematics)
    1. Of a pair of vectors: having a zero inner product; perpendicular.
      The normal vector and tangent vector at a given point are orthogonal.
    2. Of a square matrix: such that its transpose is equal to its inverse.
    3. Of a linear transformation: preserving its angles.
  3. (statistics) Statistically independent, with reference to variates.
  4. (software engineering) Of two or more aspects of a problem, able to be treated separately.
    The content of the message should be orthogonal to the means of its delivery.
  5. Of two or more problems or subjects, independent of or irrelevant to each other.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ορθός (orthós, correct, straight, right) and γωνία (gōnía, angle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orthogonal m (feminine orthogonale, masculine plural orthogonaux, feminine plural orthogonales)

  1. orthogonal

External links[edit]