per se

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See also: perse and Perse

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin per se (by itself), from per (by, through) and se (itself, himself, herself, themselves).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

per se (not comparable)

  1. By itself; without consideration of extraneous factors.
    The law makes drunk driving illegal per se.
  2. (chiefly in negative polarity environments) As such; as one would expect from the name.
    Well, that's not correct per se, but the situation is something like that.
  3. (law) As a matter of law.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Because this is originally a Latin phrase, it is sometimes italicized when it is written.

Quotations[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per se (by itself), from per (by, through) and se (itself, himself, herself, themselves).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (obsolete since spelling reform of 1995) persé

Adverb[edit]

per se

  1. necessarily, absolutely, without fail
  2. (rare) per se

Usage notes[edit]

The ‘necessity’ meaning is the usual one; the original Latin meaning as in English is rarely used and can be misunderstood.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adverb[edit]

per se

  1. per se
  2. by itself
  3. through itself