periculum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin

Noun[edit]

periculum (plural pericula)

  1. (law) accident or casus, as distinguished from dolus and culpa, and hence relieving one from the duty of performing an obligation

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *periri, a base derived from Proto-Indo-European *per- (to attempt, try, research, risk) (see also Dutch gevaar (danger, risk, peril), German Gefahr (danger, risk, hazard), Swedish fara (danger, risk, peril)) + suffix -culum. Also related to experiri.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

perīculum n (genitive perīculī); second declension

  1. A trial, experiment, attempt, proof; essay.
  2. A risk, hazard, danger, peril; ruin, destruction.
  3. (law) A trial, action, suit; writ of judgment or judgement, sentence.
  4. A (attack of) sickness.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative perīculum perīcula
genitive perīculī perīculōrum
dative perīculō perīculīs
accusative perīculum perīcula
ablative perīculō perīculīs
vocative perīculum perīcula

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • periculum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879