rampant

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English rampand, rampend, present participle of Middle English rampen (to rise by climbing, shoot up, sprout, sty, ascend), from Old French ramper (to creep, climb) (see below), equivalent to ramp +‎ -and or ramp +‎ -ant. Recorded since 1382, "standing on the hind legs" (as in heraldry), later, "fierce, ravenous" (1387). Compare Scots rampand (rampant).

Alternatively from Middle English *rampant (not found), from Old French rampant, the past present participle of ramper (to creep, climb), equivalent to ramp +‎ -ant. Old French ramper derives from Frankish *rampōn, *hrampōn (to hook, grapple, climb), from *rampa, *hrampa (hook, claw, talon), from Proto-Germanic *hrempaną (to curve, shrivel, shrink, wrinkle). More at ramp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rampant (comparative more rampant, superlative most rampant)

  1. (originally) Rearing on both hind legs with the forelegs extended.
    • The Vienna riding school displays splendid rampant movement.
  2. (heraldry) Rearing on its hind leg(s), with a foreleg raised and in profile.
    • Thomas Hardy, The Well-Beloved
      little pieces of moustache on his upper lip, like a pair of minnows rampant
  3. (architecture) Tilted, said of an arch with one side higher than the other, or a vault whose two abutments are located on an inclined plane.
  4. Unrestrained or unchecked, usually in a negative manner.
    • Weeds are rampant in any neglected garden.
    • 2012 March 1, William E. Carter, Merri Sue Carter, “The British Longitude Act Reconsidered”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 87: 
      Conditions were horrendous aboard most British naval vessels at the time. Scurvy and other diseases ran rampant, killing more seamen each year than all other causes combined, including combat.
    • 2013, Phil McNulty, "Man City 4-1 Man Utd", BBC Sport, 22 September 2013:
      In contrast to the despair of his opposite number, it was a day of delight for new City boss Manuel Pellegrini as he watched the rampant Blues make a powerful statement about their Premier League ambitions.
  5. Rife, or occurring widely, frequently or menacingly.
    • There was rampant corruption in the city.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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External links[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Verb[edit]

rampant

  1. Present participle of ramper.

Adjective[edit]

rampant m (feminine rampante, masculine plural rampants, feminine plural rampantes)

  1. (heraldry) rampant
  2. (architecture) tilted
  3. humbly inclined
  4. (botany) extending over the ground rather then climbing upward
  5. (literature) base; common
  6. (military) stranded on the ground as opposed to flying staff

External links[edit]


Old French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rampant m

  1. (heraldry) rampant

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]