βάρβαρος

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See also: βαρβάρα

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic: from the perceived βαρ-βαρ (bar-bar) sounds incomprehensible to Ancient Greeks and spoken by foreigners.[1] In this sense, similar to modern English "blah blah".

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

βάρβαρος (bárbarosm, f (neuter βάρβαρον); second declension

  1. non-Greek-speaking, foreign
    1. (in the plural) non-Greek peoples
      1. Medes or Persians
        • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 1.2.14
          καὶ λέγεται δεηθῆναι ἡ Κίλισσα Κύρου ἐπιδεῖξαι τὸ στράτευμα αὐτῇ: βουλόμενος οὖν ἐπιδεῖξαι ἐξέτασιν ποιεῖται ἐν τῷ πεδίῳ τῶν Ἑλλήνων καὶ τῶν βαρβάρων.
          kaì légetai deēthênai hē Kílissa Kúrou epideîxai tò stráteuma autêi: boulómenos oûn epideîxai exétasin poieîtai en tôi pedíōi tôn Hellḗnōn kaì tôn barbárōn.
          And it is said that the Cilician [queen] asked Cyrus to show her his troops. So since he wanted to show them to her, he held a review of the Greeks and Persians in the field.
  2. barbaric, brutal, rude

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babiniotis, Georgios (2008) Λεξικό της νέας ελληνικής γλώσσας [Modern Greek Dictionary], 3rd edition, Athens: Lexicology Centre

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek βάρβαρος (bárbaros)

Noun[edit]

βάρβαρος (várvarosm (plural βάρβαροι)

  1. barbarian

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

βάρβαρος (várvarosm (feminine βάρβαρη, neuter βάρβαρο)

  1. barbarous, barbaric, uncivilised

Declension[edit]