βάρβαρος

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See also: βαρβάρα

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic, made to imitate the sounds (βαρ-βαρ-βαρ-βαρ) spoken by foreigners.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

βάρβαρος ‎(bárbarosm, f ‎(neuter βάρβαρον); second declension

  1. non-Greek-speaking, foreign
    1. (in the plural) non-Greek peoples
      1. Medes or Persians
        • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 1.2.14
          καὶ λέγεται δεηθῆναι ἡ Κίλισσα Κύρου ἐπιδεῖξαι τὸ στράτευμα αὐτῇ: βουλόμενος οὖν ἐπιδεῖξαι ἐξέτασιν ποιεῖται ἐν τῷ πεδίῳ τῶν Ἑλλήνων καὶ τῶν βαρβάρων.
          And it is said that the Cilician [queen] asked Cyrus to show her his troops. So since he wanted to show them to her, he held a review of the Greeks and Persians in the field.
  2. barbaric, brutal, rude

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Noun[edit]

βάρβαρος ‎(várvarosm ‎(plural βάρβαροι)

  1. barbarian

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

βάρβαρος ‎(várvarosm ‎(feminine βάρβαρη, neuter βάρβαρο)

  1. barbarous, barbaric, uncivilised

Declension[edit]