عجم

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ع ج م (ʿ-j-m). The word عَجَم (ʿajam, non-Arabs) is from a pre-Islamic form أَعْجَم (ʾaʿjam), from the root ع ج م (ʿ-j-m), referring to people who speak unclearly (thus reflecting the same semantic evolution as Ancient Greek βάρβαρος (bárbaros, barbarian)).

Noun[edit]

عَجَم (ʿajamm (collective, singulative عَجَمِيّ (ʿajamiyy), plural أَعْجَام (ʾaʿjām))

  1. non-Arabs (as foreigners or barbarians)
  2. (later particularly or exclusively) Persians, Iranians.
    Synonym: فُرْس (furs)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The affective value attributed to the word depends on the point of view of the user, and the historical period. For example, it had a markedly negative connotation during the Umayyad period, whereas it was often quite positive in the Abbasid period, when Iranians had much political and social influence.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَجَمَ (ʿajama) I, non-past يَعْجُمُ‎ (yaʿjumu)

  1. to bite, to chew
  2. to try, to test

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَجَّمَ (ʿajjama) II, non-past يُعَجِّمُ‎ (yuʿajjimu)

  1. to point the text, to write distinguishing marks to it

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَجْم (ʿajmm

  1. verbal noun of عَجَمَ (ʿajama) (form I)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَجَم (ʿajamm (collective, singulative عَجَمَة (ʿajama))

  1. stones, kernels, pits, pips, fruit seeds

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَجَم (ʿajam, non-Arab, Persian).

Noun[edit]

عجم ('ajam)

  1. Ajam, Persian
    بسی رنج بردم در این سال سی
    عجم زنده كردم بدین پارسی
    Basē ranj burdam dar īn sāl sī.
    'Ajam zinda kardam badīn Pārsī.
    Much toil have I borne in these thirty years.
    I have revived the Persians with this Persian [work].