κρούω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Beekes, from Proto-Indo-European *krous- (push, bump, strike, break), zero grade *krus-. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *krušiti, whence Russian крушить (krušitʹ, to destroy, shatter) and Czech krušný (hard, strenuous, grim), as well as Latvian krausēt and Lithuanian kraušyti (to stamp (off)), Lithuanian krušti (to smash, crash, grind, fuck). Compare Proto-Balto-Slavic *krušāˀ, whence Latvian krusa (hail) and Proto-Slavic *krъxà (lump), in turn leading to Russian кроха (kroxa, morsel, crumb, little child), and Gothic 𐌺𐍂𐌹𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽 (kriustan, to gnash, grind), perhaps a Balto-Slavic loan word.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

κρούω (kroúō)

  1. strike, smite
  2. clap hands
  3. tap
  4. strike a string with a plectron
  5. knock at the door on the outside
  6. (middle voice)
    1. back water
      κρούομαι πρύμνᾰν (kroúomai prúmnan)
    2. fly backwards
      κρούεσθαι τὸ πτερόν (kroúesthai tò pterón)

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

And see their derivatives:

Compounds and their derivatives

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Ancient Greek κρούω (kroúō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkru.o/
  • Hyphenation: κρού‧ω

Verb[edit]

κρούω (kroúo) (simple past έκρουσα, passive κρούομαι)

  1. strike

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Compounds of the verb (and see their derivatives)

Other compounds