πρέσβυς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally "one who leads cattle" from Proto-Indo-European *pres (before), extended form of *per-, + *gʷṓws (cattle). Compare Sanskrit पुरोगव (purogava, leader), from पुरस् (puras, in front) and गव (gava, cow, cattle).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

πρέσβῠς (présbusm (feminine πρέσβειᾰ, neuter πρέσβῠ); first/third declension

  1. elderly, aged

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

πρέσβῠς (présbusm (genitive πρέσβεως); third declension

  1. old man
  2. elder, chief, prince
  3. (superlative) revered, honored
  4. ambassador
  5. (at Sparta) a political title, higher than γέρων (gérōn, senator): chief, president
    • Inscriptiones Laconiae 1237, 1326
  6. a name of the τρόχιλος (trókhilos, wren)
  7. a type of daw or chough

Usage notes[edit]

For the feminine, see πρέσβᾰ (présba), πρέσβειρᾰ (présbeira), πρεσβηῐ́ς (presbēís).

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Noun[edit]

πρέσβυς (présvysm (plural πρέσβεις, feminine πρέσβειρα)

  1. Katharevousa form of πρέσβης (présvis, ambassador)

Related terms[edit]