πρέσβυς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally "one who leads cattle" from Proto-Indo-European *pres (before), extended form of *per-, + *gʷṓws (cattle). Compare Sanskrit पुरोगव (purogava, leader), from पुरस् (puras, in front) and गव (gava, cow, cattle).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /préz.bys/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈprɛz.bys/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈprez.βys/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈprez.vys/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈprez.vis/
  • Adjective[edit]

    πρέσβῠς (présbusm (feminine πρέσβειᾰ, neuter πρέσβῠ); first/third declension

    1. elderly, aged

    Declension[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    πρέσβῠς (présbusm (genitive πρέσβεως); third declension

    1. old man
    2. elder, chief, prince
    3. (superlative) revered, honored
    4. ambassador
    5. (at Sparta) a political title, higher than γέρων (gérōn, senator): chief, president
      • Inscriptiones Laconiae 1237, 1326
    6. a name of the τρόχιλος (trókhilos, wren)
    7. a type of daw or chough

    Usage notes[edit]

    For the feminine, see πρέσβᾰ (présba), πρέσβειρᾰ (présbeira), πρεσβηῐ́ς (presbēís).

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    πρέσβυς (présvysm (plural πρέσβεις, feminine πρέσβειρα)

    1. Katharevousa form of πρέσβης (présvis, ambassador)

    Related terms[edit]