σάκκος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Most likely borrowed from Semitic, possibly from Phoenician. Compare Hebrew שַׂק, Imperial Aramaic 𐡔𐡒, Talmudic Aramaic סַקָּא, Classical Syriac ܣܩܐ, Ge'ez ሠቅ (śäḳ), Akkadian [script needed] (šaqqu), Egyptian sꜣgꜣ. The word is a widely-borrowed Mediterranean Kulturwort.

Černý and Forbes suggest the word was originally Egyptian, a nominal derivative of sꜣq (to gather or put together) that also yielded Coptic ⲥⲟⲕ (sok, sackcloth) and was borrowed into Greek perhaps by way of a Semitic intermediary. However, Vycichl and Hoch reject this idea, noting that such an originally Egyptian word would be expected to yield Hebrew *סַק rather than שַׂק. Instead, they posit that the Coptic and Greek words are both borrowed from Semitic, with the Coptic word perhaps developing via Egyptian sꜣgꜣ.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

σᾰ́κκος (sákkosm (genitive σᾰ́κκου); second declension

  1. a sack
  2. sackcloth
  3. (Christianity) a sackcloth vestment, penitential garb

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: σάκος (sákos)
  • Latin: saccus (see there for further descendants)

Further reading[edit]