ащемс

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Moksha[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Believed to be cognate with Finnish asema, Estonian ase; asuma (place; to be located), Komi-Zyrian ӧз-, ӧзын (öz-, özyn, berth; pier, dock (for parking boats)), Northern Sami [Term?] (е̄сскэ, to stop over, settle (temporarily)), Tundra Nenets [script needed] (ŋäeso-, to stop and set up a chum (~ tipi)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

ащемс (aščems)

  1. (intransitive) to be (to be located or situated in a particular place)
    • O. Je. Poljakov (1995) Učimsja govoritʹ po-mokšanski [Let's learn to speak Moksha], Saransk: Mordovskoje knižnoje izdatelʹstvo, →ISBN
      аще/мс, -сь находиться; сидеть в тюрьме
      ašče/ms, -sʹ naxoditʹsja; sidetʹ v tjurʹme
      to be [located somewhere] to be [located somewhere]; to sit in prison [in Russian]
      А тон кода эрят-ащат?
      A ton koda erjat-aščat?
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
      Универмагсь, гастрономсь ащихть...
      Univermagsʹ, gastronomsʹ aščixtʹ...
      The department store, deli are located...
      Коса ащи универмагсь, гастрономсь?
      Kosa ašči univermagsʹ, gastronomsʹ?
      Where is the department store, deli located?
      Инголенк ащесть кафта ведаркат. Васенцеса ульсть марьхть, омбоцеса — шукшторуфт
      Ingolenk aščestʹ kafta vedarkat. Vasencesa ulʹstʹ marʹxtʹ, ombocesa — šukštoruft
      In front of us [there] were two buckets. In [the] first one [there] were apples, in the second one — currant.
  2. (intransitive) to stand
    • O. Je. Poljakov (1995) Učimsja govoritʹ po-mokšanski [Let's learn to speak Moksha], Saransk: Mordovskoje knižnoje izdatelʹstvo, →ISBN
      аще/мс, -сь стоять
      ašče/ms, -sʹ stojatʹ
      to stand to stand [in Russian]
      постой! ожу! ащек!
      postoj! ožu! ašček!
      wait, stop! [in Russian] wait, stop!
  3. (intransitive) to sit
    • O. Je. Poljakov (1995) Učimsja govoritʹ po-mokšanski [Let's learn to speak Moksha], Saransk: Mordovskoje knižnoje izdatelʹstvo, →ISBN
      сидеть аще/мс озада
      sidetʹ ašče/ms ozada
      to sit [in Russian] to sit
      арьсесь озада ащемста
      arʹsesʹ ozada aščemsta
      was thinking while sitting
      Ожу, ащек аф ламняс!
      Ožu, ašček af lamnjas!
      Wait, sit for a moment!

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Veršinin, V. I. (2004) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ mordovskix (erzjanskovo i mokšanskovo) jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Mordvinic (Erzya and Moksha) languages] (in Russian), volume 1, Joškar Ola, page 24