зима

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Church Slavonic зима (zima), from Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źeimā́ˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈzimɐ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation(key): зи‧ма

Noun[edit]

зи́ма (zímaf (relational adjective зи́мен)

  1. winter, wintertime

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Seasons in Bulgarian · сезо́ни (sezóni) (layout · text) · category
про́лет (prólet, spring) ля́то (ljáto, summer) е́сен (ésen, autumn) зи́ма (zíma, winter)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • зима”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • зима”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1971), “зима”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1 (А – З), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, →ISBN, pages 640-641

Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈzima]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: зи‧ма

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źeimā́ˀ.

Noun[edit]

зима (zimaf (plural зими, relational adjective зимски or зимен, augmentative зимиште)

  1. winter, wintertime
Declension[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
Seasons in Macedonian · годишни времиња (godišni vreminja) (layout · text) · category
пролет (prolet, spring) лето (leto, summer) есен (esen, autumn) зима (zima, winter)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

зима (zima) third-singular presentimpf (perfective земе)

  1. (transitive, nonstandard) to take
  2. (transitive, nonstandard) to get
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • зима” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language] − drmj.eu

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źeimā́ˀ.

Noun[edit]

зима (zimaf

  1. winter

Declension[edit]

Old East Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *zimà, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źeimā́ˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /ziˈmɑ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /zʲiˈma/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /zʲiˈma/
  • Hyphenation: зи‧ма

Noun[edit]

зима (zimaf

  1. winter

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Belarusian: зіма́ (zimá)
  • Russian: зима́ (zimá)
  • Carpathian Rusyn: зи́ма (zýma)
  • Ukrainian: зима́ (zymá)

References[edit]

  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1893), “зима”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[1] (in Russian), volume 1 (А – К), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 978

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic зима (zima), from Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źeimā́ˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

зима́ (zimáf inan (genitive зимы́, nominative plural зи́мы, genitive plural зим, relational adjective зи́мний)

  1. winter
    зимо́йzimójin (the) winter / during winter
    на́ зимуzimufor (the) winter

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Russian · время года (vremja goda) (layout · text) · category
весна́ (vesná, spring) ле́то (léto, summer) о́сень (ósenʹ, autumn) зима́ (zimá, winter)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źeimā́ˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zǐːma/
  • Hyphenation: зи‧ма

Noun[edit]

зи́ма f (Latin spelling zíma)

  1. winter
  2. cold, coldness (of weather or temperature)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Serbo-Croatian · godišnja doba / годишња доба (layout · text) · category
spring:
proleće, proljeće
пролеће, прољеће
summer:
leto, ljeto
лето, љето
autumn:
jesen
јесен
winter:
zima
зима

References[edit]

  • зима” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *zima, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źeimā́ˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

зима́ (zymáf inan (genitive зими́, nominative plural зими́, genitive plural зим)

  1. winter

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Seasons in Ukrainian · пори року (pory roku) (layout · text) · category
весна (vesna, spring) літо (lito, summer) осінь (osinʹ, autumn) зима (zyma, winter)

References[edit]