кукла

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Byzantine Greek κούκλα (koúkla), from Latin cucūlla. Cognate with Bulgarian гу́гла (gúgla, hood), куку́л (kukúl, pointed hat) - direct borrowings from Latin.

Noun[edit]

ку́кла (kúklaf

  1. doll, puppet
  2. (figurative) manipulated person
    кукла на конциkukla na koncione who is lead by someone else (literally: puppet on robes)
  3. (colloquial, figurative) cute girl, lolita
  4. (dialectal, figurative) yarn woven into 5 strands, which together look like a human figure
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • кукла in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik), under КУ̀КЛА¹, КУ̀КЛА²
  • кукла in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1986) , “кукла¹”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 90
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1986) , “кукла²”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 91

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely from Proto-Slavic *kukъla, morphologically from кука (kuka, hook) +‎ -ла (-la).

Noun[edit]

ку́кла (kúklaf

  1. (dialectal) hillock, cusp, rocky mound
    Synonyms: хълм (hǎlm), моги́ла (mogíla)
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • кукла in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik), under КУ̀КЛА³
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1986) , “кукла⁵”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 92
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1987) , “*kukъla”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 13, Moscow: Nauka, page 94

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly а feminine form of *kukъlь (loop), cognate with Lithuanian kukulỹs (dumpling). Related to Etymology 2.

Noun[edit]

ку́кла (kúklaf

  1. (dialectal) snare, loop
    Synonym: бри́мка (brímka)
  2. (dialectal) type of ceremonial braided bread served on Easter day (specifically Вели́кденска ку́кла (Velíkdenska kúkla))
    Synonym: козуна́к (kozunák)
Declension[edit]
Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • кукла in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik), under КУ̀КЛА⁴
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1986) , “кукла⁴”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 91
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1986) , “кукла⁷”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 92

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Byzantine Greek κούκλα (koúkla), from Latin cuculla.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

кукла (kuklaf

  1. doll, puppet
  2. (colloquial) pretty girl

Declension[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic кукла (kukla), from Byzantine Greek κούκλα (koúkla), from Latin cuculla.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkukɫə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ку́кла (kúklaf anim or f inan (genitive ку́клы, nominative plural ку́клы, genitive plural ку́кол, related adjective ку́кольный, diminutive ку́колка)

  1. doll
  2. puppet
  3. (slang) fake money

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]