огонь

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See also: огон

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic огнь (ognĭ), from Proto-Slavic *ogňь, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ugnis, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis. Cognate with Latvian uguns, Latin ignis (whence English ignition and igneous, Latin borrowings), Sanskrit अग्नि (agní), Albanian e enjte. Compare also Hittite 𒀀𒀝𒉌𒅖 (a-ak-ni-iš), an Indo-Aryan borrowing.

The second o-letter is not from an ъ-extra-short sound, but has the same origin as in extra sounds in у́голь (úgolʹ) and во́семь (vósemʹ). Because of it, the original stress was not ого́нь, but о́гонь. Anyway, the original stress today is probably not preserved in any dialect.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɐˈɡonʲ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ого́нь (ogónʹm inan (genitive огня́, nominative plural огни́, genitive plural огне́й, relational adjective огнево́й or о́гненный, diminutive огонёк)

  1. fire (also figurative)
  2. light
  3. fire (of weapons)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ого́нь (ogónʹ)

  1. Fire! (command issued to order people to shoot)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ А.А.Зализняк (2014) Древнерусское ударение