пред

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See also: пред-

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *perdъ. Equivalent to пре (pre, afore) (obsolete) +‎ (-d).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

пред (pred)

  1. in front of, before

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *perdъ.

Preposition[edit]

пред (pred)

  1. before
    Пред смртта на мајка ти, живеевме на село.
    Before your mother's death, we lived in the countryside.
  2. ago
    Се вселивме пред две години.
    We moved in two years ago.
  3. in front of
    Има камион пред влезот од гаражата.
    There is a truck in front of the entrance to the garage.

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Old Church Slavonic [Term?]. Doublet of пе́ред (péred), the inherited East Slavic form.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [prʲɪt]
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

пред (pred)

  1. (archaic, literary) in front of, before (+ instrumental case)

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “пред”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *perdъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

пре̏д (Latin spelling prȅd)

  1. (+ accusative case) in front of, to the front of (with change of position, answering the question ку̀да)
    C(ј)едни преда ме.Sit in front of me.
  2. (+ accusative case) just before, shortly before (of occurrence, answering the question ка̏д)
    пред ратjust before the war
  3. (+ instrumental case) before, in front of (without change of position, answering the question гдје̏/где̏)
    С(ј)едим пред кућом.I'm sitting in front of the house.
  4. (figuratively) (+ instrumental case) in face of, facing

Usage notes[edit]

The alternative form пре̏да occurs before the enclitic forms of the personal pronoun:

пре̏да ме
пре̏да те
пре̏да се
пре̏да њ
пре̏да мно̄м