пред

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See also: пред-

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *perdъ. Equivalent to пре (pre, afore) (obsolete) +‎ (-d).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

пред (pred)

  1. in front of, before

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *perdъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

пред (pred)

  1. before
    Пред смртта на мајка ти, живеевме на село.
    Pred smrtta na majka ti, živeevme na selo.
    Before your mother's death, we lived in the countryside.
  2. ago
    Се вселивме пред две години.
    Se vselivme pred dve godini.
    We moved in two years ago.
  3. in front of
    Има камион пред влезот од гаражата.
    Ima kamion pred vlezot od garažata.
    There is a truck in front of the entrance to the garage.

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic прѣдъ (prědŭ). Doublet of пе́ред (péred), the inherited East Slavic form.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [prʲɪt]
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

пред (pred)

  1. (archaic, literary) in front of, before (+ instrumental case)
    Synonym: перед (pered)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “пред”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *perdъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

пре̏д (Latin spelling prȅd)

  1. in front of, to the front of (with change of position, answering the question ку̀да) [+accusative]
    C(ј)едни преда ме.Sit in front of me.
  2. just before, shortly before (of occurrence, answering the question ка̏д) [+accusative]
    пред ратjust before the war
  3. before, in front of (without change of position, answering the question гдје̏/где̏) [+instrumental]
    С(ј)едим пред кућом.I'm sitting in front of the house.
  4. (figuratively) (+ instrumental case) in face of, facing

Usage notes[edit]

The alternative form пре̏да occurs before the enclitic forms of the personal pronoun:

пре̏да ме
пре̏да те
пре̏да се
пре̏да њ
пре̏да мно̄м