թափեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From թափ (tʿapʿ).

Verb[edit]

թափեմ (tʿapʿem)  (aorist indicative թափեցի)

  1. (transitive) to spill, to empty, to pour out (a liquid, a glass); to overturn, to cast down, to fling or throw down; to cast off, to discharge
    թափել զբաժակ‎ ― tʿapʿel zbažakto drink off the cup to its dregs; to drink up
    թափեաց նաւն զբեռն‎ ― tʿapʿeacʿ nawn zbeṙnthe ship is unloaded
    թափել զատամն‎ ― tʿapʿel zatamnto extract, to pull out, to draw a tooth
    թափել զդրունս‎ ― tʿapʿel zdrunsto unhinge the doors
    բեւեռովք զբեւեռ թափել‎ ― beweṙovkʿ zbeweṙ tʿapʿelone nail drives out another (new things or persons make old ones forgotten)
    թափել զոգի ուրուք‎ ― tʿapʿel zogi urukʿto harass, to hold in suspense
    թափել զքուն‎ ― tʿapʿel zkʿunto rouse one's self, to awaken
    թափել զգինի‎ ― tʿapʿel zginito get sober again, to sleep off drunkenness or debauch
    թափել ի բաց զոգի‎ ― tʿapʿel i bacʿ zogito die, to perish
    թափել զցասումն, զոխս ի վերայ ուրուք‎ ― tʿapʿel zcʿasumn, zoxs i veray urukʿto vent one's anger, to wreak one's vengeance
    թափել զթոյնս յոք‎ ― tʿapʿel ztʿoyns yokʿto give vent to one's angry passions
    թափել զմաղձն‎ ― tʿapʿel zmałjnto discharge one's bile, to vent one's spleen
    թափել զտունն‎ ― tʿapʿel ztunnto remove, to change habitation, to empty a house of its furniture
    թափել զսուր իւր յոք‎ ― tʿapʿel zsur iwr yokʿto draw the sword against, to brandish the sword
    թափել զինքն ի գրաստէն‎ ― tʿapʿel zinkʿn i grastēnto dismount, to leap from horseback
    թափել զինչս‎ ― tʿapʿel zinčʿsto spend, to dissipate, to waste, to squander
    թափել զոյժ եւ զզօրութիւն‎ ― tʿapʿel zoyž ew zzōrutʿiwnto make great efforts, to employ all one's energy, to do any thing in the world; to strive with all one's heart, to sharpen one's tools, to prepare oneself
    թափել զբանն յումեքէ‎ ― tʿapʿel zbann yumekʿēto interrupt a discourse
  2. (transitive) to deliver, to release, to relieve (e.g. a city or a person from death, danger, captivity)
    թափել զոք յիմեքէ‎ ― tʿapʿel zokʿ yimekʿēto despoil, to deprive of
    թափել զոք ի ձեռաց ուրուք‎ ― tʿapʿel zokʿ i jeṙacʿ urukʿto save one from the hands of another, to liberate, to rescue
    թափել զբարկութիւն յումեքէ‎ ― tʿapʿel zbarkutʿiwn yumekʿēto free from the effects of another's resentment, to pardon
    թափել զանձն‎ ― tʿapʿel zanjnto escape, to disengage oneself, to get rid off, to abscond; (figuratively) to humiliate, to abase, to lower one's self to
    ծունր կրկնեսցի թափեցելումն վասն մեր‎ ― cunr krknescʿi tʿapʿecʿelumn vasn merlet every knee bend before the incarnate Word
    թափել զոք ի կենաց‎ ― tʿapʿel zokʿ i kenacʿto deprive of life, to massacre
    թափել ի միմեանց (զարս ի կռուի)‎ ― tʿapʿel i mimeancʿ (zars i kṙui)to separate the combatants
    ե՛րթ թափեա՛ զմեզ ի քէն‎ ― értʿ tʿapʿeá zmez i kʿēnflee from our hands!
    թափել ի լծոյ‎ ― tʿapʿel i lcoyto throw off the yoke
  3. (transitive) to take away, to take by force, to possess oneself of
    թափել կապուտ, աւար բազում, զկապուտ սաստիկ‎ ― tʿapʿel kaput, awar bazum, zkaput sastikto make a great booty, to pillage, to sack
  4. (transitive) to add (a word)
    ածել թափել‎ ― acel tʿapʿelto add, to subjoin; to conclude
  5. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to pour out, to spread, to flow
    թափել աման յամանէ‎ ― tʿapʿel aman yamanēto be decanted, poured from one vessel to another
    թափել ի վերայ‎ ― tʿapʿel i verayto fall on (the enemy); to rush against; to dash, to dart, to rush upon
    թափել յերկնից յերկիր‎ ― tʿapʿel yerknicʿ yerkirto descend from heaven
    թափել գինւոյ‎ ― tʿapʿel ginwoyto recover from intoxication
    թափել հրոյ յերկաթոյ‎ ― tʿapʿel hroy yerkatʿoyto strike fire, to produce sparks
  6. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be deprived of
    թափել ի մտաց, ի խելաց‎ ― tʿapʿel i mtacʿ, i xelacʿto grow foolish, to become mad, to lose one's mind
    թափել գոյն‎ ― tʿapʿel goynto lose colour, to fade
    թափել գբոց‎ ― tʿapʿel gbocʿto be dried up, exhausted
    թափել տրտմութեան յարտասուաց‎ ― tʿapʿel trtmutʿean yartasuacʿto vent one's grief in tears
  7. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to get rid of, to free oneself from, to disentangle oneself, to flee, to save oneself by flight
    թափել յումեքէ ի բաց‎ ― tʿapʿel yumekʿē i bacʿto leave, to desert, to abandon
    ի բաց թափերուք յինէն, ե՛րթ թափեաց յինէն‎ ― i bacʿ tʿapʿerukʿ yinēn, értʿ tʿapʿeacʿ yinēnbe off! get out! go away!
  8. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to take refuge, to emigrate
  9. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to go, to reach (a country)

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “թափեմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “թափ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935