թափեմ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From թափ (tʿapʿ).

Verb[edit]

թափեմ (tʿapʿem)  (aorist indicative թափեցի)

  1. (transitive) to spill, to empty, to pour out (a liquid, a glass); to overturn, to cast down, to fling or throw down; to cast off, to discharge
    թափել զբաժակtʿapʿel zbažakto drink off the cup to its dregs; to drink up
    թափեաց նաւն զբեռնtʿapʿeacʿ nawn zbeṙnthe ship is unloaded
    թափել զատամնtʿapʿel zatamnto extract, to pull out, to draw a tooth
    թափել զդրունսtʿapʿel zdrunsto unhinge the doors
    բեւեռովք զբեւեռ թափելbeweṙovkʿ zbeweṙ tʿapʿelone nail drives out another (new things or persons make old ones forgotten)
    թափել զոգի ուրուքtʿapʿel zogi urukʿto harass, to hold in suspense
    թափել զքունtʿapʿel zkʿunto rouse oneself, to awaken
    թափել զգինիtʿapʿel zginito get sober again, to sleep off drunkenness or debauch
    թափել ի բաց զոգիtʿapʿel i bacʿ zogito die, to perish
    թափել զցասումն, զոխս ի վերայ ուրուքtʿapʿel zcʿasumn, zoxs i veray urukʿto vent one's anger, to wreak one's vengeance
    թափել զթոյնս յոքtʿapʿel ztʿoyns yokʿto give vent to one's angry passions
    թափել զմաղձնtʿapʿel zmałjnto discharge one's bile, to vent one's spleen
    թափել զտուննtʿapʿel ztunnto remove, to change habitation, to empty a house of its furniture
    թափել զսուր իւր յոքtʿapʿel zsur iwr yokʿto draw the sword against, to brandish the sword
    թափել զինքն ի գրաստէնtʿapʿel zinkʿn i grastēnto dismount, to leap from horseback
    թափել զինչսtʿapʿel zinčʿsto spend, to dissipate, to waste, to squander
    թափել զոյժ եւ զզօրութիւնtʿapʿel zoyž ew zzōrutʿiwnto make great efforts, to employ all one's energy, to do any thing in the world; to strive with all one's heart, to sharpen one's tools, to prepare oneself
    թափել զբանն յումեքէtʿapʿel zbann yumekʿēto interrupt a discourse
  2. (transitive) to deliver, to release, to relieve (e.g. a city or a person from death, danger, captivity)
    թափել զոք յիմեքէtʿapʿel zokʿ yimekʿēto despoil, to deprive of
    թափել զոք ի ձեռաց ուրուքtʿapʿel zokʿ i jeṙacʿ urukʿto save one from the hands of another, to liberate, to rescue
    թափել զբարկութիւն յումեքէtʿapʿel zbarkutʿiwn yumekʿēto free from the effects of another's resentment, to pardon
    թափել զանձնtʿapʿel zanjnto escape, to disengage oneself, to get rid off, to abscond; (figuratively) to humiliate, to abase, to lower oneself to
    ծունր կրկնեսցի թափեցելումն վասն մերcunr krknescʿi tʿapʿecʿelumn vasn merlet every knee bend before the incarnate Word
    թափել զոք ի կենացtʿapʿel zokʿ i kenacʿto deprive of life, to massacre
    թափել ի միմեանց (զարս ի կռուի)tʿapʿel i mimeancʿ (zars i kṙui)to separate the combatants
    ե՛րթ թափեա՛ զմեզ ի քէնértʿ tʿapʿeá zmez i kʿēnflee from our hands!
    թափել ի լծոյtʿapʿel i lcoyto throw off the yoke
  3. (transitive) to take away, to take by force, to possess oneself of
    թափել կապուտ, աւար բազում, զկապուտ սաստիկtʿapʿel kaput, awar bazum, zkaput sastikto make a great booty, to pillage, to sack
  4. (transitive) to add (a word)
    ածել թափելacel tʿapʿelto add, to subjoin; to conclude
  5. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to pour out, to spread, to flow
    թափել աման յամանէtʿapʿel aman yamanēto be decanted, poured from one vessel to another
    թափել ի վերայtʿapʿel i verayto fall on (the enemy); to rush against; to dash, to dart, to rush upon
    թափել յերկնից յերկիրtʿapʿel yerknicʿ yerkirto descend from heaven
    թափել գինւոյtʿapʿel ginwoyto recover from intoxication
    թափել հրոյ յերկաթոյtʿapʿel hroy yerkatʿoyto strike fire, to produce sparks
  6. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be deprived of
    թափել ի մտաց, ի խելացtʿapʿel i mtacʿ, i xelacʿto grow foolish, to become mad, to lose one's mind
    թափել գոյնtʿapʿel goynto lose colour, to fade
    թափել գբոցtʿapʿel gbocʿto be dried up, exhausted
    թափել տրտմութեան յարտասուացtʿapʿel trtmutʿean yartasuacʿto vent one's grief in tears
  7. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to get rid of, to free oneself from, to disentangle oneself, to flee, to save oneself by flight
    թափել յումեքէ ի բացtʿapʿel yumekʿē i bacʿto leave, to desert, to abandon
    ի բաց թափերուք յինէն, ե՛րթ թափեաց յինէնi bacʿ tʿapʿerukʿ yinēn, értʿ tʿapʿeacʿ yinēnbe off! get out! go away!
  8. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to take refuge, to emigrate
  9. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to go, to reach (a country)

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “թափեմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “թափ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press