أقرب

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See also: اقربand أقرت

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Elative of قَرِيب(qarīb, near), from the root ق ر ب(q-r-b).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

أَقْرَب (ʾaqrab) (feminine قُرْبَى(qurbā), masculine plural أَقْرَبُون(ʾaqrabūn) or أَقَارِب(ʾaqārib), feminine plural قُرْبَيَات(qurbayāt))

  1. elative degree of قَرِيب(qarīb):
    1. nearer; nearest
      • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 56:85:
        وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنكُمْ وَلَـٰكِن لَا تُبْصِرُونَ
        (please add an English translation of this quote)
    2. more probable; most probable
  2. (in the plural) relatives, kin
    اَلْأَقْرَبُونَ أَوْلَى بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ
    al-ʾaqrabūna ʾawlā bi-l-maʿrūfi
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • و قال زملاء للهوني أن عميد البلدية ضالع فى عملية توقيفه عبر ممارسته لنفوذه مع أقارب و مقربين منه فى مديرية الأمن التي لم تقدم لهم و لذويه سبب واضح عن إعتقاله فيما أفاد مركز شرطة هون بأن لجنة القبض التابعة له قد تسلمت زبير من المديرية بعد ضبطه بناءً على أمر من مديرها.‎‎
      And colleagues of [Az-Zubayr] Al-Hūnī have said that the head of the municipality is involved in the process of his apprehension through his utilization of his influence by relatives and close friends of him in the Security Directorate which has not issued to them or to his parents a clear reason for his arrest while the police station of Hūn has stated that the Arrestment Department belonging to it had taken over Zubayr from the Directorate after his capture based on an order of its director.
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ق ر ب(q-r-b).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

أَقْرَبَ (ʾaqraba) IV, non-past يُقْرِبُ‎‎ (yuqribu)

  1. to cause a thing to be nearly filled or completed, to be close to being reached, to approach nigh to a time, point, or degree
  2. (said of a female) to be near the term of pregnancy, to be close to giving birth
  3. to cause camels to travel at night with intention of bringing them closer to a water-source so that they may attain a drink by the morning, to travel at night toward water, to be a people whose camels are undertaking the night journey for such a purpose
  4. to be the distance of one night's travel before reaching water
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

أَقْرَبُ (ʾaqrabu) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active indicative of قَرِبَ(qariba)

Verb[edit]

أَقْرَبَ (ʾaqraba) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active subjunctive of قَرِبَ(qariba)

Verb[edit]

أَقْرَبْ (ʾaqrab) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of قَرِبَ(qariba)

Verb[edit]

أَقْرُبُ (ʾaqrubu) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active indicative of قَرُبَ(qaruba)

Verb[edit]

أَقْرُبَ (ʾaqruba) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active subjunctive of قَرُبَ(qaruba)

Verb[edit]

أَقْرُبْ (ʾaqrub) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of قَرُبَ(qaruba)

Verb[edit]

أُقْرَبُ (ʾuqrabu) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive indicative of قَرِبَ(qariba)

Verb[edit]

أُقْرَبَ (ʾuqraba) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive subjunctive of قَرِبَ(qariba)

Verb[edit]

أُقْرَبْ (ʾuqrab) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of قَرِبَ(qariba)

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

أُقَرِّبُ (ʾuqarribu) (form II)

  1. first-person singular non-past active indicative of قَرَّبَ(qarraba)

Verb[edit]

أُقَرِّبَ (ʾuqarriba) (form II)

  1. first-person singular non-past active subjunctive of قَرَّبَ(qarraba)

Verb[edit]

أُقَرِّبْ (ʾuqarrib) (form II)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of قَرَّبَ(qarraba)

Verb[edit]

أُقَرَّبُ (ʾuqarrabu) (form II)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive indicative of قَرَّبَ(qarraba)

Verb[edit]

أُقَرَّبَ (ʾuqarraba) (form II)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive subjunctive of قَرَّبَ(qarraba)

Verb[edit]

أُقَرَّبْ (ʾuqarrab) (form II)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of قَرَّبَ(qarraba)