كذب

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: كدت

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ك ذ ب(k-ḏ-b)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Verb[edit]

كَذَبَ (kaḏaba) I, non-past يَكْذِبُ‎‎ (yakḏibu)

  1. (intransitive) to lie, to not tell the truth
    1. (ditransitive) to lie to (someone)
      كَذَبَنِي الْحَدِيثَ
      kaḏabanī l-ḥadīṯa
      He lied to me about what happened.
      • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 9:90:
        وَجَاءَ الْمُعَذِّرُونَ مِنَ الْأَعْرَابِ لِيُؤْذَنَ لَهُمْ وَقَعَدَ الَّذِينَ كَذَبُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۚ سَيُصِيبُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ
        (please add an English translation of this quote)
    2. to lie about (عَلَى(ʿalā))
  2. to deceive
Conjugation[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

كَذَّبَ (kaḏḏaba) II, non-past يُكَذِّبُ‎‎ (yukaḏḏibu)

  1. to allege of lying, to disbelieve someone [+accusative = whom]
    Antonym: صَدَّقَ(ṣaddaqa)
  2. to accuse or tell that something is false or deceitful, to disbelieve [+accusative = something]
    كَذَّبَ الْخَبَرَ
    kaḏḏaba l-ḵabara
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Antonym: صَدَّقَ(ṣaddaqa)
  3. to disbelieve [+ بِ(object) = in], to deny
    Antonym: صَدَّقَ بِـ(ṣaddaqa bi-)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 78:28:
      وَكَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا كِذَّابًا‎‎
      wakaḏḏabū biʾāyātinā kiḏḏāban
      They called Our revelations false with strong denial.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 92:5-10:
      فَأَمَّا مَنْ أَعْطَى وَٱتَّقَى وَصَدَّقَ بِٱلْحُسْنَى فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْيُسْرَى وَأَمَّا مَنْ بَخِلَ وَٱسْتَغْنَى وَكَذَّبَ بِٱلْحُسْنَى فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْعُسْرَى
      faʾammā man ʾaʿṭā wattaqā waṣaddaqa bi-l-ḥusnā fasanuyassiruhu lilyusrā waʾammā man baḵila wastaḡnā wakaḏḏaba bil-ḥusnā fasanuyassiruhu lilʿusrā
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  4. (rare) to make (someone) disbelieve (in)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 95:7:
      فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعْدُ بِالدِّينِ
      famā yukaḏḏibuka baʿdu bi-d-dīni
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  5. to disprove, to refute
  6. to be inactive, to be deactivated
  7. to abstain, to desist
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]

Noun[edit]

كَذِب or كِذْب (kaḏib or kiḏbm (usually uncountable)

  1. verbal noun of كَذَبَ (kaḏaba) (form I)
  2. lying
  3. lie, falsehood, untruth
Declension[edit]
References[edit]
  • Haywood, J.A.; Nahmad, H.M. (1965) , “كذب”, in A new Arabic grammar, 2nd edition, London: Lund Humphries, →ISBN
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) , “كذب”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[1], London: W.H. Allen

Adjective[edit]

كَذِب or كِذْب (kaḏib or kiḏb)

  1. false
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 12:18:
      وَجَاءُوا عَلَىٰ قَمِيصِهِ بِدَمٍ كَذِبٍ
      wajāʾū ʿalā qamīṣihi bidamin kaḏibin
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Declension[edit]

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic كِذْب(kiḏb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كِذِب (kidib or kizibm pl (singular كِذْبَة‎ ‎(kidba or kizba))

  1. lie, falsehood, untruth, fraud, deceit

Synonyms[edit]