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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܘ-ܬ-ܒ (w-t-b) related to sitting. Compare Hebrew מוֹשָׁב (môšāḇ). The sense of "part of the liturgy" is a calque of Ancient Greek κάθισμα (káthisma).


  • IPA(key): [mawt(ə)vɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [mawt(ə)ve(ʔ)] (plural)


ܡܘܬܒܐ (mawtəḇām (plural ܡܘܬܒܐ)

  1. seat, throne
  2. sitting
  3. (anatomy) buttocks, anus
  4. sojourning, stay, visit
  5. site, place, location, position
  6. habitation, settlement
  7. abode, dwelling, domicile
  8. pulpit
  9. (ecclesiastical) part of the liturgical service sung while sitting
  10. see, diocese
  11. session, council, congress
  12. table



  • mwtb”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 146a-b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 260b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 732a