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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܘ-ܬ-ܒ (IPA(key): /w-t-b/) related to sitting. Compare Hebrew מוֹשָׁב ‎(môšāḇ). The sense of "part of the liturgy" is a calque of Ancient Greek κάθισμα ‎(káthisma).


  • IPA(key): [mawt(ə)vɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [mawt(ə)ve(ʔ)] (plural)


ܡܘܬܒܐ ‎(transliteration neededm ‎(plural ܡܘܬܒܐ)

  1. seat, throne
  2. sitting
  3. (anatomy) buttocks, anus
  4. sojourning, stay, visit
  5. site, place, location, position
  6. habitation, settlement
  7. abode, dwelling, domicile
  8. pulpit
  9. (ecclesiastical) part of the liturgical service sung while sitting
  10. see, diocese
  11. session, council, congress
  12. table



  • "mwtb" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 146a-b
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 260b
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 732a