ܫܡܫܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *śamš-. The sense of "lizard" is a calque of Ancient Greek σαύρᾱ ἡλιακή(saúrā hēliakḗ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʃɛmʃɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃɛmʃe(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܫܡܫܐ ‎(šimšā’c ‎(plural ܫܡܫܐ or m)

  1. (astronomy) sun, star
  2. (alchemy) gold
  3. kind of lizard
Inflection[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

This word is usually masculine.

Proper noun[edit]

ܫܡܫܐ ‎(transliteration neededc

  1. Sun

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܡ-ܫ(š-m-š) related to serving. Compare Arabic شَمَّاس(šammās) and Hebrew שַׁמָּשׁ(šammāš).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʃammɑʃɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃammɑʃe(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܫܡܫܐ ‎(transliteration neededm ‎(plural ܫܡܫܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܫܡܫܬܐ)

  1. servant, attendant
  2. (Christianity) minister, deacon, (rare) priest
Inflection[edit]
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • $m$”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 373b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 586a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pp. 1576b-1577a