شمس

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ش م س (š-m-s), the noun “sun” inherited from Proto-Semitic *śamš-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (sun): IPA(key): /ʃams/
  • (sun):
    (file)
  • (to expose to the sun): IPA(key): /ʃam.ma.sa/
  • (to be headstrong): IPA(key): /ʃa.ma.sa/
  • (to be sunny): IPA(key): /ʃa.mi.sa/
  • (to be sunny): IPA(key): /ʃa.ma.sa/
  • (being sunny): IPA(key): /ʃa.mas/

Noun[edit]

شَمْس (šamsf (plural شُمُوس (šumūs))

  1. sun

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَمَسَ (šamasa) I, non-past يَشْمُسُ‎ (yašmusu)

  1. to be headstrong, to be restive

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَمَسَ (šamasa) I, non-past يَشْمِسُ or يَشْمُسُ‎ (yašmisu or yašmusu)
شَمِسَ (šamisa) I, non-past يَشْمَسُ‎ (yašmasu)

  1. to be sunny

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَمَّسَ (šammasa) II, non-past يُشَمِّسُ‎ (yušammisu)

  1. to expose to the sun, to dry in the sun
  2. to perform the office of deacon

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَمَس (šamasm

  1. verbal noun of شَمِسَ (šamisa) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of شَمَسَ (šamasa) (form I)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “شمس”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 450
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “شمس”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 1269
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “شمس”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary, London: W.H. Allen, page 555
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “شمس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (2011), “شمس”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, pages 674

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شَمْس (šams), from Proto-Semitic *śamš-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

شمس (Rumi spelling syamsi or syamsu)

  1. sun (the star around which the Earth revolves)

Synonyms[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شَمْس (šams), from Proto-Semitic *śamš-.

Noun[edit]

شمس (şems)

  1. sun
  2. sunshine

Synonyms[edit]