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From Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ- (to wake, rise up).


बुध् (√budh)

  1. to wake, wake up, be awake.
  2. to recover consciousness (after a swoon)
  3. to observe, heed, attend to (with acc. or gen.).
  4. to perceive, notice, learn, understand, become or be aware of or acquainted with.
  5. to think of i.e. present a person (‘with’ instr.).
  6. to know to be, recognize as (with two acc.).
  7. to deem, consider or regard as (with two acc.)
  8. to revive the scent (of a perfume).
  9. to cause (a flower) to expand.
  10. to cause to observe or attend, admonish, advise.
  11. to make a person acquainted with, remind or inform of. impart or communicate anything to (with two acc.)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 733
  • William Dwight Whitney, 1885, The Roots, Verb-forms, and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit Language, Leipzig: Breitkopf and Härtel, page 106