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From Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ-(to wake, rise up).


बुध् ‎(√budh)

  1. cl.1 P. Ā. (Dhātup. xxi, 11) बोधति, °ते
  2. cl.4 Ā. xxvi, 63 बुध्यते (ep. also P. °ति ; pf. P. बुबोध MBh. ; Subj. बुबोधति RV. ; Ā. बुबुधे, p. बुबुधान ib. ; aor. P. Subj. बोधिषत् ib. ; Impv. बोधि ib. ; Ā. 3 pl. अबुध्रम्, °रन् ; p. बुधान ib. Subj. बुधन्त ib. ; °अभुत्सि ib. ; Prec. Ā. भुत्सीष्ट Pāṇ. 1-2, 11 Sch. ; fut. भोत्स्यति, °ते Br. etc. ; बोद्धा Gr. ; ind.p. बुद्ध्वा Yājñ. MBh. ; -बुध्य Br. etc. ; inf. बुधे Br. ; बुधि RV. ; बोद्धुम् MBh. etc.), to wake, wake up, be awake.
  3. to recover consciousness (after a swoon). (aor. Pass. अबोधि)
  4. to observe, heed, attend to (with acc. or gen.).
  5. to perceive, notice, learn, understand, become or be aware of or acquainted with.
  6. to think of i.e. present a person (‘with’ instr.).
  7. to know to be, recognize as (with two acc.).
  8. to deem, consider or regard as (with two acc.) R. Kathās. : Pass. बुध्यते (aor. अबोधि), to be awakened or restored to consciousness
  9.  » above: Caus. बोधयति, °ते (aor. अबूबुधत् ; Pass. बोध्यते), to wake up, arouse, restore to life or consciousness.
  10. to revive the scent (of a perfume).
  11. to cause (a flower) to expand.
  12. to cause to observe or attend, admonish, advise.
  13. to make a person acquainted with, remind or inform of. impart or communicate anything to (with two acc.) MBh. Kāv. etc.: Desid. बुभुत्सति, °ते (Gr. also बुबोधिषति, °ते, and बुबुधिषति, °ते), to wish to observe, desire to become acquainted with Nyāyas. BhP. : Desid. of Caus. » बिबोधयिषु and बुबोधयिषु: Intens. बोबुधीति (Gr. also बोबुध्यते, बोबोद्धि), to have an insight into, understand thoroughly (with acc.) Subh. [compare Zd. bud ; Gk. πυθ for (φυθ) in πυνθάνομαι, πυθέσθαι, Slav. bu8de8ti, bu8dru8 ; Lith. bude4ti, budru4s ; Goth. biudan ; Germ. biotan, bieten ; Angl.Sax. be4odan ; Eng. bid.]

Derived terms[edit]


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 733
  • William Dwight Whitney, 1885, The Roots, Verb-forms, and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit Language, Leipzig: Breitkopf and Härtel, page 106