सेना

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सेना (sénā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /seː.nɑː/, [s̪eː.n̪äː]

Noun[edit]

सेना (senāf (Urdu spelling سینا‎)

  1. army, military, body of troops
    शत्रु ने दोनों सेनाओं को हरा दिया।
    śatru ne donõ senāõ ko harā diyā.
    The enemy defeated both the armies.
    Synonym: फ़ौज (fauj)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev, “सेना”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons, 1989

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सेना (sénā).

Noun[edit]

सेना (senāf

  1. army

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

सेना f

  1. Devanagari script form of senā (“army”)

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • सेन (sena)at the end of a compound

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *sáynaH (army). Cognate with Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬁(haēnā, hostile army), Old Persian 𐏃𐎡𐎴𐎠 (h-i-n-a /hainā/, hostile army).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

सेना (sénāf

  1. an army, armament, battle-array, armed force
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 2.33.11:
      मृळा जरित्रे रुद्र स्तवानोऽन्यं ते अस्मन्नि वपन्तु सेनाः
      mṛḷā jaritre rudra stavāno’nyaṃ te asmanni vapantu senāḥ .
      O exalted Rudra, be gracious to the singer of thy hymns; let thy armies spare us and smite down someone else.
  2. missile, dart, spear
  3. name of Indra's wife (or his thunderbolt so personified)
  4. any drilled troop or band or body of men (Bālar.)
  5. a kind of title or addition to the names of persons (also names of courtezans) (Sāh.; compare Pāṇ. 4-1, 152 etc.)
  6. name of a courtesan (abridged from कुबेरसेना (kubera-senā)) (HPariś.)

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of सेना (sénā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सेना
sénā
सेने
séne
सेनाः
sénāḥ
Vocative सेने
séne
सेने
séne
सेनाः
sénāḥ
Accusative सेनाम्
sénām
सेने
séne
सेनाः
sénāḥ
Instrumental सेनया / सेना¹
sénayā / sénā¹
सेनाभ्याम्
sénābhyām
सेनाभिः
sénābhiḥ
Dative सेनायै
sénāyai
सेनाभ्याम्
sénābhyām
सेनाभ्यः
sénābhyaḥ
Ablative सेनायाः
sénāyāḥ
सेनाभ्याम्
sénābhyām
सेनाभ्यः
sénābhyaḥ
Genitive सेनायाः
sénāyāḥ
सेनयोः
sénayoḥ
सेनानाम्
sénānām
Locative सेनायाम्
sénāyām
सेनयोः
sénayoḥ
सेनासु
sénāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀲𑁂𑀡𑀸 (seṇā)
  • Pali: senā

References[edit]