सेना

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सेना (sénā).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /seː.nɑː/

Noun[edit]

सेना (senāf (Urdu spelling سینا)

  1. army, military, body of troops
    शत्रु ने दोनों सेनाओं को हरा दिया।
    śatru ne donõ senāon ko harā diyā.
    The enemy defeated both the armies.
    Synonym: फ़ौज (fauj)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “सेना”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सेना (sénā).

Noun[edit]

सेना (senāf

  1. army

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *sáynaH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sáynaH. Cognate with Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬁 (haēnā, hostile army), Old Persian 𐏃𐎡𐎴𐎠 (hainā, hostile army).

According to native grammarians, the sense "missile" is from the root सि (√si, to hurl, cast). Compare सायक (sā́yaka).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

सेना (sénāf (Vedic sáinā)

  1. an army, armament, battle-array, armed force (also personified as wife of Kārttikeya; at the end of a compound also सेन (sena)) (RV. etc.)
  2. missile, dart, spear (RV., AV.)
  3. name of Indra's wife (or his thunderbolt so personified) (TS., AitBr., Vait.)
  4. a small army (consisting of 3 elephants, 3 chariots, 9 horse, and 15 foot) (L.)
  5. any drilled troop or band or body of men (Bālar.)
  6. a kind of title or addition to the names of persons (also names of courtezans) (Sāh.; compare Pāṇ. 4-1, 152 etc.)
  7. name of a courtezan (abridged from कुबेरसेना (kubera-senā)) (HPariś.)
  8. name of the mother of शम्भव (śambhava) (the third arhat of the present avasarpiṇī) (L.)

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of सेना (sénā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सेना
sénā
सेने
séne
सेनाः
sénāḥ
Vocative सेने
séne
सेने
séne
सेनाः
sénāḥ
Accusative सेनाम्
sénām
सेने
séne
सेनाः
sénāḥ
Instrumental सेनया / सेना¹
sénayā / sénā¹
सेनाभ्याम्
sénābhyām
सेनाभिः
sénābhiḥ
Dative सेनायै
sénāyai
सेनाभ्याम्
sénābhyām
सेनाभ्यः
sénābhyaḥ
Ablative सेनायाः
sénāyāḥ
सेनाभ्याम्
sénābhyām
सेनाभ्यः
sénābhyaḥ
Genitive सेनायाः
sénāyāḥ
सेनयोः
sénayoḥ
सेनानाम्
sénānām
Locative सेनायाम्
sénāyām
सेनयोः
sénayoḥ
सेनासु
sénāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References[edit]