सेना

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit सेना ‎(senā)

Noun[edit]

सेना ‎(senāf ‎(Urdu spelling سینا)

  1. army, military, body of troops
    शत्रु ने दोनों सेनाओं को हरा दिया।
    The enemy defeated both the armies.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hardev Bahri (accessed 09-25-2012), “Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1]

Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia mr

Noun[edit]

सेना ‎(senā?

  1. army

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to native grammarians, from the root √si ‎(√si, to hurl, cast). Compare सायक ‎(sā́yaka). Possibly from Proto-Indo-Iranian (compare Middle Persian hyn' ‎(hēn)).

Noun[edit]

सेना ‎(sénāf

  1. missile, dart, spear (RV., AV.)
  2. name of Indra's wife (or his thunderbolt so personified) (TS., AitBr., Vait.)
  3. an army, armament, battle-array, armed force (also personified as wife of Kārttikeya; at the end of a compound also सेन ‎(sena)) (RV. etc.)
  4. a small army (consisting of 3 elephants, 3 chariots, 9 horse, and 15 foot) (L.)
  5. any drilled troop or band or body of men (Bālar.)
  6. a kind of title or addition to the names of persons (also names of courtezans) (Sāh.; compare Pāṇ. 4-1, 152 etc.)
  7. name of a courtezan (abridged from कुबेरसेना ‎(kubera-senā)) (HPariś.)
  8. name of the mother of शम्भव ‎(śambhava) (the third arhat of the present avasarpiṇī) (L.)

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of सेना
Nom. sg. सेना ‎(senā)
Gen. sg. सेनायाः ‎(senāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सेना ‎(senā) सेने ‎(sene) सेनाः ‎(senāḥ)
Vocative सेने ‎(sene) सेने ‎(sene) सेनाः ‎(senāḥ)
Accusative सेनाम् ‎(senām) सेने ‎(sene) सेनाः ‎(senāḥ)
Instrumental सेनया ‎(senayā) सेनाभ्याम् ‎(senābhyām) सेनाभिः ‎(senābhiḥ)
Dative सेनायै ‎(senāyai) सेनाभ्याम् ‎(senābhyām) सेनाभ्यः ‎(senābhyaḥ)
Ablative सेनायाः ‎(senāyāḥ) सेनाभ्याम् ‎(senābhyām) सेनाभ्यः ‎(senābhyaḥ)
Genitive सेनायाः ‎(senāyāḥ) सेनयोः ‎(senayoḥ) सेनानाम् ‎(senānām)
Locative सेनायाम् ‎(senāyām) सेनयोः ‎(senayoḥ) सेनासु ‎(senāsu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1246