合衆国

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See also: 合众国

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
がっ
Grade: 2
しゅう
Grade: 6
こく
Grade: 2
kan’yōon kan’on
Alternative spelling
合衆國 (kyūjitai)

Etymology[edit]

From Literary Chinese 合眾國, from (union) +‎ 眾國 (democratic state), which is a calque of English United States, probably coined by Elijah Coleman Bridgman before 1844.[1] Soon rebracketed as 合衆(がっしゅう) (gasshū, assembly of people) and (こく) (koku).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Tokyo) っしゅうこく [gàsshúꜜùkòkù] (Nakadaka – [3])[2]
  • IPA(key): [ɡa̠ɕːɯ̟ᵝːko̞kɯ̟ᵝ]

Proper noun[edit]

(がっ)(しゅう)(こく) (Gasshūkoku

  1. United States
  2. United States of America (a country in North America)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kengo Chiba, 訳語の意味変動 ― 日中韓における「合衆」, in 第4回 漢字文化圏近代語研究会, 2004
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN