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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 十中心 (JLP), composition)

  1. ashamed, humiliated
  2. shameful

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 398, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11095
  • Dae Jaweon: page 738, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2341, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6159

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (143)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɑm/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zɑm/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɑm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zam/
Li
Rong
/d͡zɑm/
Wang
Li
/d͡zɑm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱɑm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzam ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤam/
English ashamed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16789
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zaːm/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cham) (hangeul , revised cham, McCune-Reischauer ch'am, Yale cham)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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References[edit]