沢山

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
たく
Grade: S
さん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Origin unknown.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

沢山 (hiragana たくさん, rōmaji takusan)

  1. many, numerous

Usage notes[edit]

  • In classical Japanese, used with なる (naru) to modify nouns:
    沢山 (たくさん)なる人々 (ひとびと)takusan naru hitobitomany people
  • In modern Japanese, used with the particle (no) to modify nouns:
    沢山 (たくさん)人々 (ひとびと)takusan no hitobitomany people

Adverb[edit]

沢山 (hiragana たくさん, rōmaji takusan)

  1. much, a great deal, liberally, a lot

Usage notes[edit]

  • Unlike many other adjectival nouns that have adverbial senses, 沢山 as an adverb omits the particle (ni) when used before a verb. Compare:
    Yes check.svg Correct:
    ケーキを (しず) ()べました。Kēki o shizuka ni tabemashita.We ate cake quietly.
    X mark.svg Incorrect:
    ケーキを (しず) ()べました。Kēki o shizuka tabemashita.We quiet ate cake.
    X mark.svg Incorrect:
    ケーキを沢山 (たくさん) ()べました。Kēki o takusan ni tabemashita.We ate cake manily.
    Yes check.svg Correct:
    ケーキを沢山 (たくさん) ()べました。Kēki o takusan tabemashita.We ate a lot of cake.

Noun[edit]

沢山 (hiragana たくさん, rōmaji takusan)

  1. much, a lot

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9