覚える

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
おぼ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

/omo2pu//omwopoju//omwoɸoju//omoɸoju//oboɸoju//oboju//obojuru//obojeru//oboeru/

Ultimately from Old Japanese verb 思ふ ‎(omopu, modern 思う omou, “to think (about or of something)”).[1][2] The historical derivation is roughly as follows:

omopayuomopoyu
The omopoyu form is found in the Nihon Shoki and the Man'yōshū.
omopoyuomofoyuobowoyuoboyu
This change is already evident by the early Heian period.
  • regular historical grammatical shifts occurring for classical 下二段活用 ‎(shimo nidan katsuyō, lower bigrade conjugation) verbs:
oboyuoboyuruoboyeruoboeru
This set of shifts occurred during the Kamakura and Muromachi periods.

The verb was originally used in intransitive and passive contexts, in accordance with its derivation. It began to be used in more active and transitive contexts starting from roughly the mid-Heian period, with the learn and memorize senses appearing in the Kamakura period.[1]

Verb[edit]

覚える ‎(transitive, ichidan conjugation, hiragana おぼえる, romaji oboeru)

  1. to recall, to remember
  2. to learn
  3. to memorize
  4. to feel (an emotion)

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9