道中

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
どう
Grade: 2
ちゅう
Grade: 1
goon

Likely a Japanese coinage based on Middle Chinese-derived roots, as a compound of (, road, street; way) +‎ (chū, middle; in; partway along). Appears in texts from at least the Muromachi period (1500s) in the jargon of 浄瑠璃 (jōruri, a style of storytelling with musical accompaniment).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

道中(どうちゅう) (dōchū) (historical hiragana だうちゆう)

  1. traveling, journeying
  2. the middle of a trip, partway through a journey
  3. short for 花魁道中 (oiran dōchū, a procession of courtesans)
  4. a style of wearing a 手拭い (tenugui, handkerchief, bandanna) on one's head

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
みち
Grade: 2
なか
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Compound of (michi, road, street) +‎ (naka, middle; in; partway along).[1][2][3] Appears in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

道中(みちなか) (michinaka)

  1. the middle of the road or street
  2. on a road or street
  3. partway along or down a road or street on the way to a destination

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN