釋迦

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (釋迦)
simp. (释迦)
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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शाक्य (śākya).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (26) (28)
Final () (123) (96)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇk̚/ /kɨɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛk̚/ /kiɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiæk̚/ /kiɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiajk̚/ /kɨa/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛk̚/ /kiɑ/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛk̚/ /kǐɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛk̚/ /ki̯ɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shi jiē

Proper noun[edit]

釋迦

  1. () (historical, Buddhism) Shakya (clan in ancient India)
  2. (Buddhism) Short for 釋迦牟尼释迦牟尼 (Shìjiāmóuní, “Sakyamuni Buddha”).

Noun[edit]

釋迦
釋迦 (crude)
釋迦 (very crude)

釋迦

  1. (chiefly Taiwan and Min Nan) Short for 釋迦果释迦果 (shìjiāguǒ, “sugar apple”).

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 番荔枝 (“sugar apple”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 番荔枝
Taxonomic name 番荔枝
Mandarin Beijing 番荔枝
Taiwan 釋迦, 釋迦果
Cantonese Guangzhou 番荔枝, 番鬼荔枝, 番鬼佬荔枝
Hong Kong 番荔枝, 番鬼荔枝, 番鬼佬荔枝, 番枝
Dongguan 番鬼荔枝
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 佛果, 釋迦
Liudui (S. Sixian) 釋迦仔, 沙梨仔, 沙梨, 牛心梨
Hsinchu (Hailu) 佛果, 釋迦
Dongshi (Dabu) 釋迦
Hsinchu (Raoping) 佛果, 釋迦
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 釋迦
Min Nan Xiamen 番仔荔枝, 釋迦
Zhangzhou 番仔荔枝, 釋迦
Taipei 釋迦
Kaohsiung 釋迦
Tainan 釋迦
Taichung 釋迦
Hsinchu 釋迦
Lukang 釋迦
Sanxia 釋迦
Yilan 釋迦
Kinmen 釋迦
Magong 釋迦
Penang nona
Chaozhou 林檎

Derived terms[edit]