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Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ـی(, accusative case marker), itself from either Common Turkic *-g, *-ïg (accusative case marker) or simplified from Common Turkic *-nï (accusative case marker) to suit where oblique case is unnecessary for the accusative case, since the oblique case *-n- is not productive by itself and requires other cases. Compare Old Turkic 𐰍(ǧ /⁠-(ï)ɣ⁠/), 𐰃𐰍( /⁠-ïɣ⁠/).


  1. definitive accusative suffix
    seni seviyorumI like you
    Kitabı istiyorumI want the book(accusative used)
    Kitap istiyorumI want a book(accusative not used)
Usage notes[edit]
  • It becomes -yı if the word ends with a vowel.
  • It becomes -nı when preceded by third person singular possessive suffix .
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ی(, possesive marker), from Proto-Turkic *-ï (possesive marker). Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰃(i /⁠-ï⁠/).


  1. 3rd person singular possessive suffix
Usage notes[edit]
  • Although it is believed to become -sı when the word ends with a vowel, this suffix probably comes from a different root.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ی(, adverbial suffix), from Proto-Turkic *-u. Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰆(u /⁠-u⁠/).


  1. (unproductive and limited to certain pattern and copula) Makes adverbs out of verbs
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ی(), from Proto-Turkic *-ïg.


  1. Suffix creating nouns out of verbs
    tak- (to put on, attach) + ‎ → ‎takı (ornament, jewellery)
    say- (to count) + ‎ → ‎sayı (number)