-ant-

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Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The a vowel of present-tense -as plus the nt of the Latin/Romance active present participle.

Suffix[edit]

-ant-

  1. (agentic substantive) -anto or -anton Nominative do'er of an action, in a present relative to when the corresponding verb took place.
    Example: ‎fari (to do, make) + ‎-anto → ‎faranto (an agent, a do'er, a maker)
    Mi estos faranto.
    I will be a maker.
(See usage note at -isto)
  1. (adjectival participle) -anta or -antan Characteristic of doing an action, in a present relative to the verb. (active present participle)
    Example: ‎fari (to do, to make) + ‎-anta → ‎faranta (doing, making)
  2. (adverbial participle) -ante In a way characteristic of doing an action, in a present relative to the verb. (active present adverbial participle)
    Example: ‎fari (to do, to make) + ‎-ante → ‎farante (in a way that does, in a way that makes)

Usage notes[edit]

Even if the word takes the accusative form (e.g. faranton or farantan), the word forms a substantive or adjective as-if a nominative for the participle's root.

  • See usage notes at -isto.

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Esperanto -ant-, from English -ant, French -ant, Italian -ante, -ente, Spanish -ante, -ente and -iente. With the initial a indicating present tense from -as.

Suffix[edit]

-ant-

  1. suffix forming active participle with -a
    helpar (to help) + ‎-ant- → ‎helpanta (helping)
    La laboristi helpanta helpis me kun la datumaro-eroro.
    The helping workmen helped me with the database error.
  2. nominal active participle with -o
    helpar (to help) + ‎-ant- → ‎helpanto (someone that helps; assistant, attendant, helper, auxiliary, ally)
    Me havas mea propra helpanto.
    I have my own helper.
  3. plural nominal active participle with -i
    helpar (to help) + ‎-ant- → ‎helpanti (multiple people that helps; assistants, attendants, helpers, auxiliaries, allies)
    Ni esas bona helpanti.
    We are good allies.
  4. adverbial active participle with -e
    helpar (to help) + ‎-ant- → ‎helpante (helpingly)
    El helpante fixigis la granda problemo.
    She helpingly fixed the big problem.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]