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Low German[edit]


From Middle Low German -else, from Old Saxon -isli, -islo; from Proto-Germanic *-isliją. Cognate with Dutch -sel, Swedish -else, Old English -else.



-els n

  1. Creating, from a verb, a noun which is created by the action of this verb (not necessarily one with which the verb is supposed to be done).
    Backels ‎(pastry): that which is baked (in a wider sense anything baked like bread and cakes) — from backen ‎(to bake)
    Radels ‎(riddle): that which is guessed — from raden ‎(to guess); compare German Rätsel, Dutch raadsel, Old English rǣdelse
    Riemels ‎(rhyme): that which is rhymed — from riemen ‎(to rhyme)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The suffix is not used for creating nouns with which verbs are supposed to be done, e.g. *Finnels, the finding. The common words for finding are Fund or dat Finnen. Though sometimes it does, as for Drinkels (a drink). Other words for a drink are Drink (cognate to English drink) or Drank (cognate to Dutch drank).
  • Some dictionaries whose authors lack knowledge of Middle Low German or general Low German dialects and developments might mistake this as a plural -s and thus either create a pseudo-singular or mistake this for a plurale tantum.
  • Some words are found with either the suffix -els or with a variant, like -elsch or -sel. For example, the word Schüddels is more commonly found as Schüddelsch, and the word Fegels has nearly disappeared and gave place to its variant Feegsel.
Derived terms[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Old English[edit]


A metathetic form of Proto-Germanic *-isliją, from Proto-Germanic *-is-, a noun particle + Proto-Germanic *-lij-, a verbal particle. More at -sian, -lian


-els m

  1. (masculine suffix for inanimate objects) suffix creating nouns from verbs
    rǣdels ‎(counsel, advise, riddle, enigma)
    rēcels ‎(incense, frankincense)
    wǣfels ‎(covering, cloak, garment)