-leg

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested after 1372 in the Old Hungarian era. Formed from the connection of the ablativus suffix -l and the suffix -g.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-leg

  1. (adverb suffix) -ly. Added to a word to form an adverb. Today it is mainly used with adjectives suffixed with -i and present participles. In the past, it was added to different parts of speech.
    valószínű ‎(probable) → valószínűleg ‎(probably)
  2. (noun suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun. It is no longer productive in this role.
    mér ‎(to measure) → mérleg ‎(scale)
  3. (frequentative suffix, rare) Added to a stem to form a verb denoting repetitive action.
    szédeleg ‎(to feel dizzy)

Declension[edit]

(noun suffix):

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -leg -legek
accusative -leget -legeket
dative -legnek -legeknek
instrumental -leggel -legekkel
causal-final -legért -legekért
translative -leggé -legekké
terminative -legig -legekig
essive-formal -legként -legekként
essive-modal
inessive -legben -legekben
superessive -legen -legeken
adessive -legnél -legeknél
illative -legbe -legekbe
sublative -legre -legekre
allative -leghez -legekhez
elative -legből -legekből
delative -legről -legekről
ablative -legtől -legektől
Possessive forms of -leg
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. -legem -legeim
2nd person sing. -leged -legeid
3rd person sing. -lege -legei
1st person plural -legünk -legeink
2nd person plural -legetek -legeitek
3rd person plural -legük -legeik

(frequentative suffix):

Usage notes[edit]

  • (adverb suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -lag is added to back vowel words
    -leg is added to front vowel words
  • (frequentative suffix) No longer productive. Harmonic variants and alternative forms:
    -log is added to back vowel words
    -leg is added to unrounded front vowel words
    -lög is added to rounded front vowel words
    -lyog is added to back vowel words
    -lyeg is added to unrounded front vowel words
    -lyög is added to rounded front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (former reform[s] only): -lig

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse -ligr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-leg ‎(indefinite singular -leg, definite singular and plural -lege, comparative -legare, indefinite superlative -legast, definite superlative -legaste)

  1. -ly

See also[edit]


References[edit]