Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁néwn̥

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to one theory, related to the PIE adjective *néwos ‎(new), allegedly an endingless locative meaning "in the new" (reinforced by the preposition *en ‎(in), traces of which can allegedly also be seen in Ancient Greek and Armenian reflexes), from the heteroclitic r/n-stem néwr̥ ~ néwn̥, former of which reflexes can be seen in Ancient Greek νεαρός ‎(nearós, young, youthful) and Armenian նոր ‎(nor, new). However, prothetic vowels in Greek and Armenian are today usually explained as reflexes of word-initial laryngeal #h₁-, and the evidence is overwhelming that the geminated -νν- of Ancient Greek ἐννέα ‎(ennéa) is of secondary development. The assumption that PIE had a quaternary system (base 4) or octal system (base 8) at some point in prehistory is supported with even less evidence.

Another theory (Blažek 1999:199) takes *h₁néwn̥ to be the accusative of an old primary noun *h₁enu- ‎(lack) and thus related to *h₁new ‎(without) (whence e.g. Greek ἄνευ ‎(áneu), German ohne).

Numeral[edit]

cardinal number
9
Previous: *oḱtṓw
Next: *déḱm̥t

*h₁néwn̥

  1. nine

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1991, Werner Winter, Some thoughts about IE numerals p. 13-14
  • 1999, Václav Blažek, Numerals. Comparative-etymological analyses and their implications. Brno: Masarykova universita.
  • Paleolexicon