- A surname.
- IPA(key): /kruːk/
- IPA(key): /kruːx/ (Germany, may be perceived as colloquial depending on speaker)
- Rhymes: -uːk, -uːx
From Middle High German kruoc, from Old High German kruog. Immediate cognates are Middle Dutch kroech, Old English crōg, from Proto-Germanic *krogu (“pot, pitcher”), of uncertain origin. Possibly from a Proto-Indo-European root shared with Old Armenian կարաս (karas, “pitcher, large jar”), Ancient Greek κρωσσός (krōssós, “pitcher”), Irish crog (“earthen vessel”), but the phonetics are problematic. Also compare Old Irish croiccenn (“skin”).
From Middle Low German krôch, krûch, whence German Low German Kroog and through borrowing Dutch kroeg (“pub”), Swedish krog. Further origin unknown. A relation with etymology 1 cannot be ruled out, but is considered unlikely by most authorities.
- The word as such has now become rare, but it is still found in the names of many traditional pubs in northern Germany.
- Kneipe (see there for further synonyms)
- Krug in Duden online