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See also: krug, krüg, and круг


Proper noun[edit]


  1. A surname​.
    • 2009 April 14, Patricia Sullivan, “Judith Krug”, in The Washington Post[1]:
      Director of the ALA's Office for Intellectual Freedom since 1967, Mrs. Krug was a national leader in several legal cases that rose to the Supreme Court.



  • IPA(key): /kruːk/
  • IPA(key): /kruːx/ (Germany, may be perceived as colloquial depending on speaker)
  • Rhymes: -uːk, -uːx

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German kruoc, from Old High German kruog. Immediate cognates are Middle Dutch kroech, Old English crōg, from Proto-Germanic *krogu (pot, pitcher), of uncertain origin. Possibly from a Proto-Indo-European root shared with Old Armenian կարաս (karas, pitcher, large jar), Ancient Greek κρωσσός (krōssós, pitcher), Irish crog (earthen vessel), but the phonetics are problematic. Also compare Old Irish croiccenn (skin).[1][2]

The originally Low German Kruke (crock), cognate with English crock, is another word, though a relation with Krug is considered likely.


Krug m (genitive Krugs or Kruges, plural Krüge, diminutive Krügchen n or Krüglein n)

  1. jug

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Low German krôch, krûch, whence German Low German Kroog and through borrowing Dutch kroeg (pub), Swedish krog. Further origin unknown. A relation with etymology 1 cannot be ruled out, but is considered unlikely by most authorities.


Krug m (genitive Krugs or Kruges, plural Krüge)

  1. (dated, regional, Northern Germany) pub; bar
Usage notes[edit]
  • The word as such has now become rare, but it is still found in the names of many traditional pubs in northern Germany.
  • Kneipe (see there for further synonyms)


Further reading[edit]

  • Krug in Duden online


  1. ^ crock” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.
  2. ^ MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911), “crog”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, →ISBN, page crog