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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.





From Proto-Balto-Slavic *dausas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰews-, variant of *dʰwes-. Cognate with Lithuanian daũsos f pl (air), Proto-Germanic *deuzą (animal).



*dȗxъ m[1][2][3]

  1. gust (of wind)
  2. breath (especially as manifestation of the life)
    bezъ ducha bytito be dead, not alive
    jьspustiti/vypustiti duchato die
  3. soul
  4. spirit
    zъlъ duxъevil spirit



See also


Derived terms



  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: духъ (duxŭ, air)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
  • Non-Slavic:
    • Hungarian: doh
    • Romanian: duh


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*dȗxъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 124:m. o (c) ‘breath, spirit’
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “duxъ duxa”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:c breathing; odor (NA 97; SA 94, 156; PR 137; RPT 97, 102)
  3. ^ Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1984), “duchъ”, in Słownik prasłowiański [Proto-Slavic Dictionary] (in Polish), volumes 5 (drъgati – ďurъka), Wrocław: Ossolineum, →ISBN, page 84