Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/xovati

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *skovati, (per Berneker, Brückner) most likely from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewh₁- (to heed, to perceive) via semantic shift to observe → to overwatch, guard → to take care. Similar devolopment as in Proto-Slavic *čuvati (to hear) > Macedonian чува (čuva, to preserve), dial. Bulgarian чу́вам (čúvam, to overwatch, to tend). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *skawwōną (to look) and related to Ancient Greek θυο-σκόος (thuo-skóos, priest, literally watching the victim). Without initial s-: Ancient Greek κοέω (koéō, to notice, note, remark), Latin cavēre (to guard, abide by, (be)ware, watch out), Sanskrit कवि (kavi, overseer, shepherd).

Alternatively, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewH- (to cover) with semantic development to cover → to hide, to shield → to take care of.

Verb[edit]

*xovati impf (perfective *xovovati)

  1. to take care, to heed, to tend → to raise, to upbring
    Synonyms: *bergťi, *kutiti
  2. to hide, to shield (in order to protect)
    Synonyms: *sъkryvati, *prętati
  3. to feed (secondary)
  4. (reflexive) (+ *sę) to care for oneself

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]