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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From an earlier *skovati, (per Berneker, Brückner) most likely from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewh₁- (to heed, to perceive) via semantic shift to observe → to overwatch, guard → to take care. Similar devolopment as in Proto-Slavic *čuvati (to hear) > Macedonian чува (čuva, to preserve), dial. Bulgarian чу́вам (čúvam, to overwatch, to tend). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *skawwōną (to look) and related to Ancient Greek θυο-σκόος (thuo-skóos, priest, literally watching the victim). Without initial s-: Ancient Greek κοέω (koéō, to notice, note, remark), Latin cavēre (to guard, abide by, (be)ware, watch out), Sanskrit कवि (kavi, overseer, shepherd).

Alternatively, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewH- (to cover) with semantic development to cover → to hide, to shield → to take care of.


*xovati impf (perfective *xovovati)

  1. to take care, to heed, to tend → to raise, to upbring
    Synonyms: *bergťi, *kutiti
  2. to hide, to shield (in order to protect)
    Synonyms: *sъkryvati, *prętati
  3. to feed (secondary)
  4. (reflexive) (+ *sę) to care for oneself


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