Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/aiw

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This Proto-West Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-West Germanic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *aiwaz

Noun[edit]

*aiw m

  1. long time, age, eternity
Inflection[edit]
Masculine a-stem
Singular
Nominative *aiw
Genitive *aiwas
Singular Plural
Nominative *aiw *aiwō, *aiwōs
Accusative *aiw *aiwā
Genitive *aiwas *aiwō
Dative *aiwē *aiwum
Instrumental *aiwu *aiwum
Derived terms[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Old English: āwa, ā (adverb)
    • Middle English: ō, ā
  • Old Frisian: ēwa; ēwe, ē
    • West Frisian: iuw
  • Old Frisian: ā (adverb)
  • Old Saxon: ēo, ēu, ē
  • Old Dutch: ēwa; io
  • Old High German: ēwa, ēo, ēa; io

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain; probably from *aiw (long time, age, eternity), compare the semantics of cognates Latin iūs (law), Proto-Brythonic *jʉð (judge).[1]

Noun[edit]

*aiw m

  1. law
Inflection[edit]
Masculine a-stem
Singular
Nominative *aiw
Genitive *aiwas
Singular Plural
Nominative *aiw *aiwō, *aiwōs
Accusative *aiw *aiwā
Genitive *aiwas *aiwō
Dative *aiwē *aiwum
Instrumental *aiwu *aiwum
Alternative reconstructions[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Old English: ǣw m, ǣ f
    • Middle English: æ, e
  • Old Frisian: ēwe, ē m, ā f
  • Old Saxon: ēo m
  • Old Dutch: ēwa f
  • Old High German: ēwa f
    • Middle High German: ēwe f, ē f

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*aiwa/ō- 2”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 16