From Irish tóraí (“pursuer”), from tóir (“pursuit”). The first recorded use in English is from a 1646 letter by James Butler ("Earl of Ormond") to a Colonel O' Brien, describing bandits and thieves on main roadways.
Tory (plural Tories)
- (UK politics) A member or supporter of the Conservative Party, which evolved from Royalist politicians; historically associated with upholding the rights of the monarchy and the privileges of the established Church.
- (by extension) One who is like a British Tory; someone politically conservative.
- (Canadian politics) A member or supporter of the Conservative Party of Canada, one of that party's predecessors, or an affiliated provincial political party.
- 2008, David Mutimer, Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 2002, page 220:
- The latest Tory budget continued the trend begun in 2000 by making further small cuts in family income taxes.
- (historical, derogatory) A member of the political factions that sought to prevent the exclusion of James, Duke of York from the throne of England in the 17th century.
- (now historical, derogatory) An Irish rebel fighting against English rule at the end of the Confederate War and Cromwellian invasion; later extended to other rebels or bandits.
- (US, historical, American Revolution) A loyal British subject.
- (US, historical, American Civil War, Confederate states) A Union sympathizer.
- (Politically conservative): conservative, small-c conservative
- (Canada): Conservative, Progressive Conservative, PC, P.C.
- (American Revolution): loyalist, Loyalist, United Empire Loyalist
Tory (not comparable)
- (UK politics) Of or belonging to the Tory Party or the Conservative Party.
- (Canadian politics) Of or belonging to the Conservative Party of Canada, one of that party's predecessors, or an affiliated provincial political party.
- ^ Ó Ciardha, Éamonn: 1905, ""Buachaillí an tSléibhe" agus "Bodaigh Gan Chéill": Tóraíochas agus Rapairíochas i gCúige Uladh agus i nDeisceart Chonnacht sa Seachtú hAois Déag." Studia Hibernica, no. 29, 59-84.