afear

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English aferen (to frighten, terrify), from Old English āfǣran (to terrify, dismay), from ā- (perfective prefix) + fǣran (to frighten; to devour, raven), from fǣr (sudden danger, calamity, ambush; a blitz), from Proto-Germanic *fērō (danger), from Proto-Indo-European *per- (to try, dare, risk).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

afear (third-person singular simple present afears, present participle afearing, simple past and past participle afeared)

  1. (obsolete or dialectal) To imbue with fear; to affright, to terrify.
    • 1543 June 8, Henry VIII of England, “The Nynthe Article. The Holy Catholike Churche.”, in A Necessary Doctrine and Erudicion for Any Chrysten Man, Set furth by the Kynges Maiestye of Englande, &c., imprinted at London:  [] by Thomas Berthelet, [], OCLC 1126428435:
      Moreouer the perfit beleue of this article, worketh in all true chriſten people, aloue to continue in this vnitie, and afeare to be caſte out of the ſame, and it worketh in them that be ſinners and repentant, great comforte, and conſolacion, to obteine remiſſion of ſinne, by vertue of Chriſtes paſſion, and adminiſtracion of his ſacramentes at the miniſters handes, ordained for that purpoſe, [...]
    • 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene ii], page 12, column 2:
      Be not affeard, the Iſle is full of noyſes, / Sounds, and ſweet aires, that giue delight and hurt not.

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Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From feo (ugly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

afear (first-person singular present afeo, first-person singular preterite afeé, past participle afeado)

  1. to make ugly; to uglify
    Antonym: embellecer

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