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Inherited from Ottoman Turkish آلشمق[1] or آلیشمق (alışmaḳ),[2][3] equivalent to al- (to take, to receive) +‎ -ış (reciprocative suffix) + -mak.[4]


  • IPA(key): /a.ɫɯʃˈmak/
  • Hyphenation: a‧lış‧mak



alışmak (third-person singular simple present alışır)

  1. (intransitive, with dative) To become familiar with, to get or grow accustomed to, to get used to.
  2. (intransitive, with dative) To suit over time, to grow into.
  3. (intransitive, with dative) To get addicted to, to develop a habit for.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively, with dative) To warm to.
    Synonym: ısınmak
  5. (intransitive) To catch fire, to have flames start to come out of it, to become aflame.
    Synonym: tutuşmak



Derived terms



  1. ^ Redhouse, James W. (1890) “آلشمق”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon[1], Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 186
  2. ^ Kélékian, Diran (1911) “آلیشمق”, in Dictionnaire turc-français[2], Constantinople: Mihran, page 36
  3. ^ Şemseddin Sâmi (1899–1901) “آلیشمق”, in قاموس تركی [kamus-ı türki] (in Ottoman Turkish), Constantinople: İkdam Matbaası, page 54
  4. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–) “alış-”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

Further reading