bởi

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Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (“passive voice marker”; SV: bị). Compare bị.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

bởi

  1. by (indication of passive voice)
  2. because of

Usage notes[edit]

In most cases, passive voice is instead accomplished using a "due to" construction. Instead of:

Đồ giải khát được cung cấp bởi Hoa.
Refreshments are being provided by Hoa.

it is considered less awkward to use:

Đồ giải khát do Hoa cung cấp.
Refreshments are due to Hoa providing [them].

Synonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

bởi

  1. because

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]