balteus

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The term possibly derives from the word for belt in Etruscan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

balteus m (genitive balteī); second declension

  1. A belt, girdle
    1. A sub-cinctorium, a papal garment.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the Old Testament, Exodus 39:29: A Jewish priest wore a balteus girdle: 3 or 4 fingers in breadth and (according to Rabbinic tradition) 32 ells long; it had to be embroidered after the same pattern and to be of the same colour as the curtain of the forecourt and the tabernacle of the covenant.
  • A balteus (sword belt) was worn by the Roman legionary.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative balteus balteī
genitive balteī balteōrum
dative balteō balteīs
accusative balteum balteōs
ablative balteō balteīs
vocative baltee balteī

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • balteus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • balteus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “balteus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • balteus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • balteus in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • balteus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • balteus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin