From Middle English bityden [and other forms]; from bi- (prefix forming verbs, usually with a completive, figurative, or intensive sense) + tyden (“to come about, happen, occur; to befall, become of, happen to (someone); to be the fate of (someone); to await (someone); to fare, get along”); tyden is derived from Old English tīdan (“to befall, betide, happen”), related to tīd (“time; season; hour”) (both ultimately either from Proto-Indo-European *deh₂- (“to divide, share”) or *dī- (“time”)) + -an (suffix forming the infinitive of most verbs). The English word is analysable as be- + tide (“(obsolete) to happen, occur”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /bɪˈtaɪd/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /bəˈtaɪd/
- Rhymes: -aɪd
- Hyphenation: be‧tide
- (transitive) Often used in a prediction (chiefly in woe betide) or a wish: to happen to (someone or something); to befall.
- 1579, Immeritô [pseudonym; Edmund Spenser], “Nouember. Aegloga Vndecima.”, in The Shepheardes Calender: […], London: […] Hugh Singleton, […], →OCLC; reprinted as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, The Shepheardes Calender […], London: John C. Nimmo, […], 1890, →OCLC, folio 46, verso:
- Why wayle we then? why weary we the Gods with playnts, / As if ſome euill were to her betight? / She raignes a goddeſſe now emong the ſaintes, / That whilome was the ſaynt of ſhepheardes light: / And is enſtalled nowe in heauens hight.
- c. 1589–1590, Christopher Marlo[we], edited by Tho[mas] Heywood, The Famous Tragedy of the Rich Ievv of Malta. […], London: […] I[ohn] B[eale] for Nicholas Vavasour, […], published 1633, →OCLC, Act I, [scene ii]:
- Why, how now, countrymen!
Why flock you thus to me in multitudes?
What accident's betided to the Jews?
- 1595 December 9 (first known performance), [William Shakespeare], The Tragedie of King Richard the Second. […] (First Quarto), London: […] Valentine Simmes for Androw Wise, […], published 1597, →OCLC, [Act III, scene ii]:
- More health and happines betide my liege, / Then can my care tunde tongue deliuer him.
- 1808 February 22, Walter Scott, “Canto Third. The Hostel, or Inn.”, in Marmion; a Tale of Flodden Field, Edinburgh: […] J[ames] Ballantyne and Co. for Archibald Constable and Company, […]; London: William Miller, and John Murray, →OCLC, stanza XXV, page 157:
- But woe betide the wandering wight, / That treads its circle in the night.
- (intransitive) Chiefly in the third person: to happen; to take place; to bechance, to befall.
- Synonyms: (archaic) betime, come to pass, occur, (obsolete) tide, transpire; see also Thesaurus:happen
- 1610–1611 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene ii], page 2, column 1:
- [W]ipe thou thine eyes, haue comfort, / The direfull ſpectacle of the wracke which touch'd / The very vertue of compaſſion in thee: / I haue with ſuch prouiſion in mine Art / So ſafely ordered, that there is no ſoule / No not ſo much perdition as an hayre / Betid to any creature in the veſſel / Which thou heardſt cry, which thou ſaw'ſt ſinke: […]
- 1764, “Onuphrio Muralto”, chapter III, in William Marshal [pseudonym; Horace Walpole], transl., The Castle of Otranto, […], Dublin: […] J. Hoey, […], published 1765, →OCLC, page 80:
- The death of my ſon betiding while my ſoul was under this anxiety, I thought of nothing but reſigning my dominions, and retiring for ever from the ſight of mankind.
- 1904, “God Will Take Care of You”, Civilla Durfee Martin (lyrics), Walter Stillman Martin (music):
- Be not dismayed whate'er betide, / God will take care of you; / Beneath his wings of love abide, / God will take care of you.
- ^ “bitīden, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “bi-, pref.(2)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “tīden, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ Compare “betide, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “betide, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.