Borrowed from French cadre, from Italian quadro (“framed painting, square”), from Latin quadrum, from quattuor (“four”). The American pronunciations in /eɪ/ may be due to a mistaken assumption that this word comes from Spanish or Italian, when in fact it is strictly French (the Spanish and Italian equivalents are respectively cuadro and quadro).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkɑː.də/, /ˈkɑː.dɹə/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈkɑ.dɹeɪ/, /ˈkæd.ɹeɪ/, /ˈkɑ.dɹə/, /ˈkæd.ɹi/, /ˈkɑ.dɹi/, /ˈkɑ.dɚ/
Audio (AU) (file)
cadre (plural cadres)
- A frame or framework.
- 1848, Parliamentary Papers, volume 27, page 283:
- […] He took away the frame itself, as well as the notice.
Mr. MacCulloch. I recollect Mr. Dobrée stating that his reason for taking the cadre was, that the notice was pasted, and that he could not unpaste it.
- (military) The framework or skeleton upon which a new regiment is to be formed; the officers of a regiment forming the staff.
- 2002, Barry M. Stentiford, chapter 9, in The American Home Guard: the State Militia in the Twentieth Century, →ISBN, page 202:
- From the original plan, thirty-four cadre battalions, with a total of 116 companies, had actually been formed, a total of about 700 officers and another 600 key enlisted men.
- (chiefly in communism) The core of a managing group, or a member of such a group.
- 1986, Robert Elsie, Dictionary of Albanian Literature, page 101:
- After the war, he was a party cadre and worked as a correspondent for the daily newspaper Zeri i Popullit (The People's Voice).
- 1997, Jae Ho Chung, edited by David S.G. Goodman, China's Provinces in Reform: Class, community and political culture, Routledge, page 146:
- Finally, the exchange, circulation and education of local cadres constitute another key strategy implemented by the provincial leadership in its efforts to diffuse economic development into the backward inland region.
- 2006, “China airbrushes Chen”, in Financial Times:
- Party cadres must guard against the temptations of power, money and sex.
- A small group of people specially trained for a particular purpose or profession.
cadre m (plural cadres)
- frame (of a door or picture)
- backbone (of an organization)
- box, square (on a printed page)
- (business) executive, middle manager
- 1994, Michel Houellebecq, Extension du domaine de la lutte:
- Vendredi soir, j’étais invité à une soirée chez un collègue de travail. On était une bonne trentaine, rien que des cadres moyens âgés de vint-cinq à quarante ans.
- Friday night, I was invited to a party at a work colleague's house. There were thirty or so of us there, just middle managers between the ages of twenty-five and forty.
- scope, framework
- (military) cadre
- context, parameters
- (cycling) frame
- cadre en fibre de carbone ― carbon fiber frame
- environment, setting
- cadre de vie ― living environment
- → Bulgarian: ка́дър (kádǎr)
- → English: cadre
- → German: Kader
- → Russian: кадр (kadr)
- → Kazakh: кадр (kadr)
- → Turkish: kadro
- inflection of :
- “cadre”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.