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See also: Capitol and capítol


Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Washington D.C. building for U.S. Congress): Capitol (usually capitalized)


Borrowed from Anglo-Norman capitolie or capitoile, Middle French capitole, and Latin Capitōlium (the Temple of Jupiter in Rome, the Capitoline Hill), probably from caput (head).[1] As a French magistrate, via French capitoul.



capitol (plural capitols)

  1. (historical) Alternative form of Capitol, the temple of Jupiter on the Capitoline Hill in Ancient Rome.
  2. (US) Any building or complex of buildings in which a legislature meets.
    The capitol building is located smack-dab in the middle of the state capital.
    • 1901 January 1, "Twentieth Century's Triumphant Entry", The New York Times, page 1:
      The centre of attraction was the City Hall. Two thousand flags and more ...; 2,000 electric lights... combined to make the civic capitol gorgeous... .
  3. (historical) Alternative form of capitoul, the former chief magistrates of Toulouse, France.

Usage notes[edit]

The homophone capital refers only to the city designated as a base for government; this government may meet at a capitol building.

Related terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


  1. ^ Capitol, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, launched 2000.




capitol n (plural capitole)

  1. chapter (section of a book)