cauliflower

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

A budding cauliflower plant.

Etymology[edit]

From 16th century cole-florye. Compare Latin caulis, French chou-fleur, Italian cavolfiore.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkɒl.i.flaʊ.ə/, /ˈkɒl.ɪ.flaʊ.ə/
  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkɔl.ɪˌflaʊ.ɚ/, /ˈkɔl.əˌflaʊ.ɚ/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

cauliflower (plural cauliflowers)

  1. Brassica oleracea var. botrytis, an annual variety of cabbage, of which the cluster of young flower stalks and buds is eaten as a vegetable.
    • 1767, A Lady [Hannah Glasse], The Art of Cookery Made Plain and Eaſy [] [1], page 326:
      ASPARAGUS, cauliflowers, imperial Sileſia, royal and cabbage lettuces, burnet, purſlain, cucumbers, naſturtian flowers, peaſe and beans ſown in October, artichokes, ſcarlet ſtrawberries, and kidney beans.
  2. The edible head or curd of a cauliflower plant.
  3. The swelling of a cauliflower ear.
    • 2018, John Harding, The Whitechapel Whirlwind: The Jack Kid Berg Story:
      His ears were small (fortunately so, given his dramatic hairstyle) and bore no traditional cauliflowers.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

cauliflower (third-person singular simple present cauliflowers, present participle cauliflowering, simple past and past participle cauliflowered)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To (cause to) swell up like a cauliflower ear.
    • 1947, Elliott Chaze, The Stainless Steel Kimono (page 49)
      I noticed his right ear was badly cauliflowered and that explained a number of things. It wasn't a new job of cauliflowering.
    • 1960, Transactions of the British Ceramic Society (page 281)
      Returning to your first point, the cauliflowering of magnesite bricks — we presume that this is due to your using high concentrations of oxygen for blowing the furnace, giving high checker-temperatures.
    • 1974, Alexander G. Weygers, The Modern Blacksmith (page 39)
      The soft steel of the back edge by now has cauliflowered over from hammering on it.