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See also: Cinchona


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Named (by Linnaeus) after the Countess of Chinchón, who was cured of a fever by the bark while in Peru and brought a supply of it back to Europe.



cinchona ‎(plural cinchonas)

  1. Any of several South American trees, of the genus Cinchona, cultivated for its medicinal bark.
    • 2001, Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 8)
      German chemists were the first to isolate pure drug chemicals from herbal medicines, with the isolation of morphine from crude opium in 1803 and quinine from the bark of the cinchona tree in 1820.
  2. The bark of these trees, that yields quinine alkaloids used to treat malaria.


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